Paramedical Courses Offered in Undergraduate Level in Nepal

Edusanjal

March 23, 2021
Last updated July 15, 2021


Paramedical courses are job-oriented academic programs. Such courses aim to produce competent and well-trained health care professionals. However, many aspiring health care professionals are not well aware of the lack of information and popularity of these courses. While many students find the medicine sector lucrative, most of them flock to courses like Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), and Bachelor in Public Health (BPH). The list of paramedical courses offered by universities in Nepal are as follows:

  1. Bachelor in Perfusion Technology (B. Perf Tech)
  2. Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP)
  3. Bachelor in Optometry (B.Optom)
  4. Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Sc.MLT)
  5. Bachelor of Science in Medical Imaging Technology (B.Sc. MIT)
  6. Bachelor of Nursing (BNS) in Oncology
  7. Bachelor of Midwifery
  8. Bachelor of Science in Laboratory Medicine (B.Sc.Lab.Med)
  9. Bachelor of Science in Medical Biochemistry (B.Sc. Medical Biochemistry)
  10. Bachelor of Science in Medical Microbiology (B.Sc. Medical Microbiology)
  11. Nursing (B.Sc. Nursing, BNS, BN, PBBN,)

Bachelor in Perfusion Technology (B. Perf Tech)

Bachelor in Perfusion Technology is a quite new course to be introduced in Nepal. Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine (TUIOM) started Bachelor in Perfusion Technology from the academic year 2075/76. It is a four years course. Perfusion Technology is the study of physiology, pathology, and associated equipment that helped to support the function of the heart and lungs in medical procedures. Perfusion is the science of rendering extracorporeal pulmonary circulation as a means of artificial life support, by replacing the respiratory and circulatory systems of the patient. Some surgical procedures cannot be performed while the heart is beating, in such cases, the heart’s functions have to be taken over by external machinery. A heart-lung machine is used to keep the patient’s blood flowing until the heart can be restarted. Thus, Clinical perfusionists are skilled personnel who play a major role during organ transplants and offer life support to critically ill patients. They operate the machine in order to stop the heart and divert the blood away from the heart and lungs into the heart-lung machine which oxygenates the blood and returns it to the patient.

Also read: Perfusion Technology explained

Course objectives

  • To produce qualified perfusion technologists who can provide extracorporeal circulation to patients undergoing major cardiothoracic, vascular, and transplant surgeries, in order to artificially support and temporarily replace patient’s respiratory and circulatory systems; and
  • to produce manpower able to operate the heart-lung machine (HLM), intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), cell salvage techniques, et cetera. during closed or open heart and vascular surgeries.

Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP)

Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP) is yet another 4-year academic program offered exclusively by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), TU. The course enables the speech and hearing specialist, commonly referred to as Audiologist and Speech Pathologist, to provide services to the sufferers of hearing disorders and speech defects like stammering, stuttering, voice disorder, delayed speech, and language development disorders due to any cause. The degree is comparatively new in Nepal thus, it is yet to be recognized by Nepal Health professional Council and has only 6 seats available for each session. Similar to disciplines like Psychology, graduates of this program get both industrial as well as clinical exposure.

Course objectives

  • To empower the health sector by training the manpower in identifying, assessing, and diagnosing hearing impairment and therapy for speech defects;
  • to produce clinical audiologists to work in hospitals and industrial audiologists to deal with occupational health hazards; and
  • to upgrade the quality of rehabilitative services provided by many rehabilitation centers and other wide ranges of organizations including schools for specially-abled individuals by producing well-trained and capable manpower in the sector.

Bachelor in Optometry (B.Optom)

TU IOM started Bachelor in optometry (B. Optom) course as a three-year program, which was later upgraded to four years in 2005 AD. The program was started with an aim to produce competent, compassionate, and community-oriented optometrically trained manpower capable of providing vision care, identify ocular and related systemic illness to be referred to medical practitioners. Bachelor in Optometry (B. Optom) consists of studies in the basic physical and life sciences, the optometric sciences including optics, ocular anatomy and physiology, visual science, ophthalmic optics, ocular pathology, and diseases of the eye and visual system. The final year of the optometry course consists of a clinical training program where the emphasis is placed on the clinical application of the studies in the first two years to the management of patients with real vision problems.

Course Objectives

  • To enable the students to conduct physical examinations and measure the visual faculties of the patients;
  • to make the students competent in performing general as well as specific eye examinations;
  • to equip the students with proper knowledge on assessing the ocular health, recognizing the ailment, and prescribing and fitting appropriate visual aids;
  • to facilitate planning and implementing community-based vision care services; and
  • to aid knowledge creation in the field of Optometry.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Sc.MLT)

Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Sc. MLT) program was introduced in Nepal in 1987 at Maharajgunj Campus. Later, Universal College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital (UCMS), Chitwan Medical College (CMC), Gandaki Medical College (GMC), Little Angels College of Higher Studies (LACHS), and Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Science (MMIHS) also started offering the program in affiliation to TU. The program under IOM enrolls 15 students every academic session out of which there are 6 seats for students from PCL Health Science group and 9 for students from the (10+2) group. The BMLT course has been divided into 4 major subjects: Medical microbiology, Clinical biochemistry, Hematology and Histopathology, and Cytology. Students will attend theory and practical classes and will be assigned projects as per the curriculum.

Upon graduation, students will have a broad career prospect. Hospitals, research labs, blood banks, and industry labs are some of the major recruiters of B. Sc. MLT graduates.

Course Objectives

  • To perform routine and special laboratory investigations on clinical and non-clinical subjects independently;
  • to interpret the results and explain the underlined principle of each investigation;
  • to assist and take part in research work;
  • to participate in teaching-learning activities;
  • to set up Zonal level medical laboratories;
  • to introduce a quality control system in the laboratory to have a qualitative result; and
  • to perform managerial works - supervision of subordinates, or preparation of periodic reports and maintenance of inventory, et cetera.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Imaging Technology (B.Sc.MIT)

Medical Imaging Technology is used to depict the inner physiology of a human body visually mainly in order to conduct medical analysis. X-Ray, Ultrasound, and MRI are some of the examples of Medical Imaging Technology. Bachelor of Science in Medical Imaging Technology (B.Sc. MIT) is a 4-year academic program at the Institute of Medicine (IOM) that aims to facilitate students with operation and technology of the same equipment. B.Sc.MIT program enables students with practical technical knowledge about the operation of especially basic anatomy and pathophysiology of the disease process. The course also aims to increase competency in the field of radiology.  At present, Chitwan Medical College, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, and Universal College of Medical Sciences offer B.Sc.MIT.

Course objectives

  • To train students to read body parts on the radiograph;
  • to help understand the general physiology of the human body and their interaction with disease-inducing pathogens;
  • to enable students to operate both conventional as well as modern imaging equipment; and
  • to enable students to operate both routines as well as emergency equipment.

Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) in Oncology

The history of cancer treatment in Nepal is short and the history of nursing in oncology is shorter even. Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) in Oncology is a specialized nursing course offered only by Pokhara University. It is a 3 years academic program with 4,175 hours of course work that is equivalent to 174 credit hours. offered by Nobel College, Pokhara University School of Health and Allied Sciences, and BP Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital are three colleges affiliated with Pokhara University. BNS Oncology was started for the first time in the year 2075 BS with an imperative to bring professional-level care through trained human resources for cancer patients.  

Course objectives

  • To familiarize nursing candidates with the process of cancer treatment (Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Brachytherapy, and such) so that expertise in the care of cancer patients can be built;
  • to train professionals at instructing, monitoring patient’s hygiene, applicator positioning, management of emesis, prevention of irritation and infection in the treated area of the patients;
  • to train individuals about the dietary conditions of cancer patients and administering various substances for the side effects of radiation therapy; and
  • to enable nurses to educate the patients and their family about side effect management, home care, compliance on the treatment, and aware them about the psychological effects.

Bachelor of Midwifery

The undergraduate program has been designed to cater to the healthcare needs of rural Nepal, where the reach of full-fledged health institutions is still lacking. The curriculum has been developed as per the government’s plans and policies to improve sexual and reproductive health care with a special focus on maternal, neonatal, and child health. The curriculum is based on the International Confederation of Midwife (ICM) global standard for midwifery education and in lieu with Nepal Nursing Council 2016 Minimum requirement of Bachelor in Midwifery program. 

Course objectives

  • To produce expert human resources to cater to the health care needs of childbearing women and their family;
  • to inculcate in them safe maternity practices in relation to the cultural sensitivity and societal structure of different communities;
  • to provide professional qualifications to professionals aspiring to work in the sector and familiarize them with advocacy and collaborative skills required to deal with childbearing women, her family, and the community;
  • to facilitate learning and practice among students in order to empower women to assume responsibility for their health and for the health of their families;
  • to produce health care professionals as per the policy and plan of the government.

Before the start of this independent course, Midwifery was only offered as supplementary training to nurses. Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences (KUSMS) and the National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS) have been offering supplementary courses to registered nurses.

Bachelor of Science in Laboratory Medicine (B.Sc.Lab.Med)

Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences (KUSMS) has been offering a four-year B.Sc.Lab. Med program since the academic year, 2019. A blend of both medicine and engineering, the course offers the opportunity to get acquainted with both disciplines. It basically involves using high-tech equipment in clinical laboratories to aid the diagnosis and treatment of different diseases. B.Sc.Lab.Med is a unique course in the sense that it has elements of both Medical Science and Engineering and this very characteristic sets it apart from any other medical or engineering courses. Internationally acclaimed course, B.Sc.Lab. Med focuses on pathology and diagnosing disease. 

Course objectives

  • To produce expert human resources that can critically and ethically apply the knowledge of laboratory medicine in a clinical setting;
  • to enable the students to communicate to the relevant stakeholders’ messages regarding laboratory medicine concerning pathology and diagnosis;
  • to train students in using appropriate technology and equipment in the process of diagnosis and pathology;
  • to facilitate learning international standards and practices in the discipline; and
  • to produce competent graduates to perform a variety of laboratory tests, interpret the results, and handle the sophisticated robotic analyzers used in clinical laboratories.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Biochemistry (B.Sc. Medical Biochemistry)

B.Sc. Medical Biochemistry is offered in Nepal by Nobel College under the affiliation of Pokhara University. It is spread across 8 semesters and differs from general biochemistry as it is entirely targeted to the medical aspect of the discipline of Biochemistry. While B.Sc. in Biochemistry incorporates chemical processes bringing together biology and chemistry within and in relation to all living organisms, B.Sc. Medical Biochemistry incorporates biochemistry and metabolism in humans and diseases in a way so as to manage and operate clinical biochemistry. B.Sc. Medical Biochemistry is a specialized medical course targeting human diseases and their treatments. Nobel College offers and course and has 20 seats available for the same.

Course objectives

  • To narrow down the scope of Biochemistry in order to center it around the medical profession;
  • to produce professionals and enable them with skills and qualities required to function as the practitioners, adept in studying biological and chemical composition in order to understand their effects on humans and find ways to neutralize those effects;
  • to produce human resources capable of advancing research and knowledge production in the same discipline; and
  • to enable professionals to undertake the study of molecular matters affecting human health.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Microbiology (B.Sc. Medical Microbiology)

B.Sc. Medical Microbiology is offered at Nobel College under the affiliation of Pokhara University. It is a 4-years long course, distributed across 8 semesters. The course is specialized to narrow down the scope of Microbiology and center it around medicine. The B.Sc. program covers subspecialties under the discipline of Microbiology such as Systemic and Diagnostic Bacteriology, Parasitology and Virology, and Mycology and Immunology.  

Course objectives

  • To produce professionals in the field of microbiology specializing in medicine;
  • to ensure quality in various subspecialties of the discipline by training the professionals accordingly, and
  • to enable professionals to tackle modern medical concerns and be adept at handling modern medical technologies.

Nursing 

Nursing is one of the most popular paramedical courses in Nepal mostly because of its huge international prospects. However, it is primarily a female-dominated discipline in the country. There are multiple types of courses offered in the nursing sector in Nepal. All of them involve the practice of caregiving for the patients individually, in families, or in communities. Colleges in Nepal offer  Bachelor in Nursing Science (BNS), Bachelor of Nursing (BN), Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) in Oncology, Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Nursing, Post Basic Bachelor in Nursing (PBBN), and Post Basic Bachelor of Nursing (BN). 

B.Sc. Nursing is offered by TU, KU, PU, BPKIHS, PAHS, and Pokhara University. Similarly, BNS is offered by KU and PAHS. PU and NAMS offer Post Basic Bachelor in Nursing and BN are offered by TU and BPKIHS.

Course objectives

  • To produce graduates who are skilled in professional preventive, promotive, curative, and rehabilitative care;
  • to enable professionals to provide healthcare and free health workshops in the remotest parts of the country; and
  • train individuals in medical communication often required of nursing professionals in order to communicate with doctors, other health personnel, patients, and their family.