Climate, soils and rocks, water, animals, and plants, all of which are regarded as defining characteristics of a forest, are all studied in forestry. Forestry is concerned with the environment and the preservation of resources that may be harmed by damaging human activity or natural calamities. 

In the establishment and management of forests, the forestry discipline applies scientific, economic, and social concepts. Genetics, forest economics, zoology, botany, environmental protection, and forest ecosystems are all studied in forestry. Wood anatomy, forest economics and science, forest resource management, organic pollutants in the environment, tree taxonomy, dendrology, and agroforestry are all topics Within the discipline.

Students studying forestry are trained to recognize the most common species of terrestrial and aquatic flora and fauna. They will learn about the relationships between ecological elements and forest ecosystem functions, as well as soil qualities and processes unique to forest settings.

Forest biologists, professional foresters, wood engineers, forestry business administrators, and conservationists are among the career paths for students to choose after study.