M.Ed in Special Needs Education

M.Ed in Special Needs Education

Masters ·
2 years

Faculty of Education (FoE), the recent form/identity of the College of Education established in 1956 had first prepared teachers for a special education program in the late 1960s. Until the last decade of the 20th century, significant progress has not been made in the field of Special Needs Education under teacher education because of the lack of specialized educators. This gap was filled up when seven senior faculty members of FoE came from the US after completing their M.S. in Special Education from the University of Oregon. With their active involvement, three courses were developed to provide at Three-Year B.Ed. and One-Year B.Ed. level. However, these courses were not found to have implemented in three-year B.Ed. Rather, one-year B.Ed. in Special Needs Education (SNE) has been operation since 2003 exclusively at Central Department of Education, University Campus, Kirtipur. A separate Department of Special Needs Education was established at Central Department of Education to run B.Ed. in SNE. However, this program could not run effectively and extensively because six faculty members with M.S. in Special Education had got compulsory retirement and only one of them is working in the Department of SNE. A part-time teacher is also working to run a one-year B.Ed. in SNE. Hence, there is an acute shortage of human resources/teacher educators who can run M.Ed. and B.Ed. in SNE. Similarly, there is an extreme need for human resources in the field of SNE who can organize short-term training for government officials and school teachers.

Considering the above scenario, it was realized that in order to run B.Ed. in SNE, it was necessary to prepare teacher educators who can teach SNE courses at B.Ed. level in the campuses/colleges of different parts of the country. For this, M.Ed. in SNE program was launched with the financial and technical support of Changwon National University under Leading University Project for International Cooperation, South Korea.

 Aims and objectives

The major aim of the Two-year M.Ed. in Special Needs Education Program is to prepare theoretically and practically competent human resources who will work as teacher educators, government officials, and NGO workers to provide services to children with different types of disabilities.

The major objectives of this program are as follows:

  • To prepare professionally sound special needs education teachers and teacher educators for Nepal
  • To produce efficient education planners, administrators, managers, supervisors, and other educational experts required for the development of special needs education in Nepal
  • To enhance ability by researching communication, hearing impairment, multiple disorders, physical disability, emotional and behavioral disorder, learning disorder and intellectual disorder as well as therapeutic teaching, educational evaluation.

Eligibility

Graduates who have a Bachelor of Education from TU and an equivalent degree from a recognized higher education institution in any subject can apply for M.Ed in Special Needs Education.

Admission Criteria

Examination Section of Dean’s Office, Faculty of Education will develop and administer entrance test. The test includes items related to professional education courses and special needs education.


Curricular Structure

Structure of Two-Year M.Ed. in SNE

M.Ed. in SNE consists of 69 credit hours. Its course structure is given in Table 1.

Table 1: Course Structure and Number of Courses in Each Semester

S.N.

Nature of courses

Semester

Subtotal

Total Credit

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

1.

Professional/Core Courses

2

2

2

1

7

3 credit hours x 7 courses

= 21 credit hours

2.

Specialization

Courses

4

4

4

1

13

3 credit hours x 13 courses

= 39 credit hours

3.

Practicum

-

-

-

1

1

3 credit hours x 1 course

= 3 credit hours

4.

Thesis

-

-

-

1

1

6 credit hours x 1 thesis

= 6 credit hours

Total

18

18

18

15

22

69 credit hours

Professional/Core Courses

The professional/core courses to be offered in four semesters are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: List of Core Courses

S.N.

Code No.

Course titles

Credit hrs.

1.

Ed.511

Foundations of Education

3

2.

Ed.512

Measurement and Evaluation in Education

3

3.

Ed.513

Advanced Educational Psychology

3

4.

Ed.521

Curriculum Practices

3

5.

Ed.522

Education and Development

3

6.

Ed.531

Measurement and Evaluation

3

7.

Ed.532

Research Methodology in Education

3

Total

21

Specialization Courses

The details of specialization courses to be offered in four semesters are presented in Table 3.

Table 3: Structure and Cycle of Specialization Courses

First Semester

Second Semester

Third Semester

Fourth Semester

1. Psychology and Individual Differences

2.Fundamentals of Special Needs and Inclusive Education

3. Socialization and Communication Skills

4. Learning Diversity and Disability in Inclusive Classroom

1. Education for Children with Visual Impairment

2. Education for Children with Deaf and Hard of Hearing Impairment

3. Assessment of children with special needs

4. Theories and Practices of Behavioural modification

1. Assistive Technology in Special Needs Education

2. Instructional Techniques for Special Needs and Inclusive Education

3. Education for Children with Multiple Disability

4. Emotional, Behaviour, and Autism Spectrum Disorders

1. Sports, Cultural and Recreational Activities for Special Needs Children

or

Multiple Intelligence Approaches to Teaching Children with Special Needs

2. Practicum

3. Thesis

Note: The courses mentioned in the above table are developed for those students who study SNE from the beginning. When B.Ed. in SNE from TU will be produced, those courses will be revised to maintain vertical integration with special education courses of B.Ed.

Evaluation

Students will be evaluated during and at the end of the course work. The evaluation system for theoretical courses is as follows.

Internal Assessment 40%

The concerned teacher will carry out the internal assessment of the students as per the distribution of points stated below.

  Attendance

05 points

Participation in learning

05 points

First assessment

10 points

Second assessment

10 points

Third assessment

10 points

       Total

40 points

 Semester/Final Examination 60%

Examination Division, Dean’s Office, Faculty of Education will conduct semester/final examination at the end of each semester. The distribution of points for the types of questions to be asked in the final examination is as follows:

Objective type questions (10 Multiple choice items x 1 point)

10 points                        

Short answer questions (6 questions x 5 points)

30 points                    

Long answer questions (2 questions x 10 points)

20 points                      

       Total

60 points                      

Thesis Writing and Evaluation

Thesis writing in M.Ed. in SNE is compulsory. Only those students who have passed all the courses of the first to third semesters will be allowed to undertake thesis writing. Students are required to complete all the requirements and follow all the procedures as mentioned in the 'Thesis' course. The thesis has to be written under the direct supervision of the Faculty Member of the Campus /Department. Departmental Research Committee will constantly monitor the progress of the students in his/her thesis work to ensure the quality of the thesis.

Practicum

Practicum is the integral part of the M.Ed. in SNE. It is designed to provide opportunities to students to actually participate in the activity of the campuses or the higher secondary schools. Each student is required to complete three activities classroom teaching, internship including case study, and organizing seminar. This practicum course is carried out within or after a fourth of the program for six weeks. Only those students who have passed all the courses of the first to third semesters will be allowed to participate in a practicum.

Certification

The Four-semester M.Ed. program extends over two academic years. M.Ed. the degree is awarded on its successful completion.

Attendance and Evaluation System

Minimum attendance in accordance with the university regulation is required (i.e. 80%) in each subject in order to be eligible for the semester examination.

At the end of each semester, the Examination Division of the Dean’s office, FoE will conduct the final examination. Each student must appear in and pass all those examinations in order to qualify for M.Ed. degree.

Grading System

  Below is the grading system being applied in the semester system of FoE.

Grade

Grade Point Average (GPA)

Equivalent Percentage Based on Individual

Paper Marks

Remarks

A

4.00

90 and above

Distinction

A-

3.70 to below 4.00

80 to below 90

Very Good

B+

3.30 to below 3.70

70 to below 80

Good

B

3.00 to below 3.30

60 to below 70

Fair

B-

2.70 to below 3.00

50 to below 60

Pass in

individual course

F

Below 2.70

Below 50

Fail

First Semester Courses

Course Title

Nature/Credit

Course Code

Core Courses

Foundations of Education

Theoretical(3)

Ed. 511

Advanced Educational Psychology

Theoretical(3)

Ed. 512

Specialization

Courses

Fundamentals of Special Needs and Inclusive Education

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 515

Socialization and Communication Skills

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 516

Psychology of Individual Differences

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 517

Learning Diversity and Disability in Inclusive Classroom

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 518

Second Semester Courses

Course Title

Nature/Credit

Course Code

Core Courses

Education and Development

Theoretical(3)

Ed. 522

Curriculum Practices

Theoretical(3)

Ed. 521

Specialization

Courses

Education for Children with Visual Impairment

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 525

Education for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 526

Assessment of Students with Special Needs Education

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 527

Theories and Practices of Behavior Modifications

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 528

Third Semester Courses

Course Title

Nature/Credit

Course Code

Core Courses

Measurement and Evaluation

Theoretical(3)

Ed. 513

Research Methodology

Theoretical(3)

Ed. 531

Specialization

Courses

Assistive Technology   in Special Needs Education

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 535

Instructional Techniques for Special Needs and Inclusive Education

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 536

Education for Children with Multiple Disability

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 537

Emotional, Behaviour   and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 538

Fourth Semester Courses

Course Title

Nature/Credit

Course Code

Core Courses

Contemporary Issues in Education

Theoretical and Practical (3)

Ed. 541

Specialization

Courses

Sports, Cultural and Recreational Activities for Special Needs Children

Theoretical and Practical

(3: 1T+2P)

SN.Ed. 545

Multiple Intelligence Approach to Teaching Children with Special Needs

Theoretical(3)

SN.Ed. 546

Practicum

Education for Children with Multiple Disability

Practical(3)

SN.Ed. 543

Thesis

SN.Ed.