Master of Education in Population Education

Master of Education in Population Education

2 years

Master of Education (M.Ed) in Population Education is one of the many Masters Education program offered by Tribhuvan University, faculty of Education.

Master of Education is a two-year programme offered in constitutional and affiliated campuses under FoE scattered in different parts of the country. This programme consists of professional/pedagogical core courses and specialization courses. Specialization courses include Curriculum and Evaluation, Educational Planning and Management, English Education, Nepali Education, Science Education, Mathematics Education, Health Education, Physical Education, Economics Education, Geography Education, History Education and Political Science Education. Students can specialize in any one of these courses. Both professional and specialization courses have been revised and implemented since 2009.

Programme Objectives

The overall objective of the M.Ed. programme is to produce higher level academic manpower such as teachers, teacher educators, educational planners and administrators, system analysts and experts in the field of education. The specific objectives of the programme are to:

  • produce qualified and competent teacher educators,
  • produce efficient educational planners, administrators, managers, supervisors and other educational experts,
  • promote innovative practices in the field of education,
  • develop educational leadership and experts that can transform the educational systems of the country.

Salient Features

Method of Instruction

The methods of the teaching M.Ed., programme will be the combination of several approaches. Class lectures, group discussion demonstration, guest lecture, seminars, term paper presentation, case analysis, problem solving, practical experience and field work approaches will be used as different techniques of giving instruction in the course so that students will be able to develop abilities for self-learning , problem solving and critical thinking.

Instruction days

Generally an academic year will consist of 150 teaching days excluding the day taken by admission and annual examination. A theory paper of 100 marks will be generally carry 1650 lectures and 5 periods a week and a paper of 50 marks 75 lectures and 3 periods in a week. A practical course requires the student to attend more period per week as mentioned in course of study. In semester system 48 hours credit hours class days are allocated for 3 credit hours.


Practicum is the integral part of the M.Ed. programme. It is designed to provide opportunities to student to actually participate in the activity of the campuses or the higher secondary schools. Each student is required to complete three activities classroom teaching, internship and curriculum evaluation in their specialization subject. However, students specializing in educational planning and management are required to undertake other activities in place of classroom teaching. This practicum course is carried out with or after the second year of the programme for six weeks .

Thesis Writing and Evaluation

Thesis writing within the specialization area almost is compulsory .Only those students that have passed all the course of the first year programme will be allowed to undertake thesis writing The thesis has to be written under the direct supervision of the Faculty Member of the Campus /Department. The format for writing the thesis proposal and the procedure for approving it will be fixed by the Department Research Committee. The evaluation of the thesis will be based on the written part and viva-voice .The quality of thesis will be controlled by the Research Committees for each Department and Guidance and Evaluation Committees instituted under the same.


Attendance and Evaluation System

Minimum attendance in accordance with the university regulation is required (i.e. 70 %) in each subject in order to be eligible for the annual examination. In semester system 80% attend is compulsory for the final examination.

The office of the controller of the examination, T.U. will conduct the examination at the end of the each academic session. Each student must appear in and pass all those examination in order to qualify for M.Ed. degree. The final examination of semester system will be conducted by examination section of dean office.

The evaluation procedures for practical course will be specified by the subject committees.

The minimum pass marks for the theory paper is 40 percent in early system and 50 percent in semester system and for the practicum, 50 percent.


Graduation Requirements

The M.Ed. programme extends over two academic years. M.Ed. degree is awarded on its successful completion. All the candidates for M.Ed. degree must fulfill the following requirements:

the successful completion of 1000 marks as prescribed with the passing grades in all the course but in semester system 69 hours credit hours including professional and elective subject in each specialization subject to be completed for master degree in education

the completion of courses for the fulfillment of programme with in the time frame prescribed by T.U. ( faculty board and academic council )


Grading System

The grading system will be as follows:

1.Third Division: 40 % and Above

2.Second Division: 50 % and Above

3.First Division: 60 % and Above

4.Distinction: 75% Above


Student with Bachelor’s Degree in Education are eligible for the admission to the Masters Programme. However, they need specific qualification for the admission in different subject. In semester system they have to pass entrance test for admission in different specialization subject.

Curricular Structure

The M.Ed. course can be put under the major categories .viz .Core Course which carry 300 full marks Specialization Course (550 full mark )including Elective Course (50 full marks)carry altogether 600 full marks And Obligatory Course including Teaching Practice and Thesis Writing ,which carry 50 marks each . The following table shows the courses with their full marks distribution.

S.N Nature of Course Full Marks 1st Year 2nd Year
1 Professional (Core Course ) 300 200 100
2 Specialization 550 300 250
3 Elective 50 50
4 Teaching Practice 50 50
5 Thesis Writing 50 50
  Total 1000 500 500

In the case of semester systems following credit hours are distributed according to the nature of course in four semesters:

S.N Nature of Course 1st Semester 2nd Semester 3rd Semester 4th Semester
1 Core Course (Professional) 3 Papers 2 Papers 1 Paper 1 paper
2 Specialization Course 3 Papers 4 Papers 5 Papers  
3 Elective Course 1 paper
4 Teaching Practice 1 paper
5 Thesis Writing 1 paper
  Total 6 Papers 6 Papers 6 Papers 4 papers
    6*3=18 6*3=18 6*3=18  

Note: One credit hour represents 16 class room lectures.Student can specialize in any one of the following subject s provide that they have basic background knowledge in the subject:

  1. Curriculum and Evaluation
  2. Economics Education
  3. English Language Education
  4. Educational Planning and Management
  5. Geography Education
  6. Health Education
  7. History Education
  8. Mathematics Education
  9. Nepali Language Education
  10. Physical Education
  11. Political Science Education
  12. Population Education
  13. Science Education

In addition to specialize in any one of these subjects, the students of this programme are required to conduct independent research work and participate in teaching and the each related activities (practicum). Both the thesis writing and practicum have to be related to the specialization subjects of the student.