### Entrance Exams

## Offering Colleges (4)

B.Sc Physics is a four year annual program of Tribhuvan University. Tribhuvan University started 4 years Bachelor of Science in Physics (B.Sc Physics) from 2012 AD.

Physics is one of the most fundamental of all sciences, and is the basis of our scientific knowledge of the physical world. It seeks to explain the behaviour of matter, time and space in the universe and covers phenomena ranging from subnuclear interactions to cosmological events like the Big Bang. The traditional B.Sc. degree in Physics is centred on understanding scientific fundamentals and it is through this basic approach that advances in scientific knowledge and technological innovations have been made.

Currently Ten college are offering B.Sc Physics in Nepal. View the college name in the right side bar.

## Eligibility

Any candidates who have completed 10+ 2 or equivalent securing minimum 'C' grade in all subjects of Grade 11 and 12 with 200 Full Marks of Mathematics are eligible for admission in Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Physics program of Tribhuvan University.

## Job Prospects

A Physics graduate has research strengths in many frontier areas including nanoscience, quantum information technology, optical and magnetic materials, and biophysics.

## Curricular Structure

## B.Sc. Physics First Year

#### MECHANICS (50)

#### Course Contents:

- Review of Laws of Motion
- Linear and Angular Momentum
- Gravitational Potentials and Fields
- Dynamics of Rigid Bodies
- Harmonic Oscillator
- Wave Motion
- Elasticity
- Fluid Mechanics

#### THERMODYNAMICS (35)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Thermodynamic Fundamental Concepts
- Laws of Thermodynamics and Their Application
- Thermodynamic Relations
- Concept of Ideal and Real Gases
- Production of Low Temperature
- Transport Phenomenon
- Black Body Radiation

#### STATISTICAL PHYSICS (15)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Classical statistical physics
- Introduction to Quantum Statistical Physics

#### ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (50)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- .Elementary Vector Analysis
- Electrostatic Potential and Field
- Electric Fields in Dielectrics
- Magnetic Fields of Moving Charges
- Magnetic Properties and Fields
- Electromagnetic Inductions
- Varying Currents
- Alternating Current Circuit
- Maxwell's Electromagnetic Equations

## B.Sc. Physics Second Year

#### OPTICS (60)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Wave Nature of Light
- Aberration at Spherical Surfaces
- Interference
- Diffraction
- Polarization
- Dispersion and Scattering
- Lasers
- Holography

#### MODERN PHYSICS (50)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Atomic Structure
- Many Electron Atom
- Atomic Spectra
- Particle properties of waves
- X-ray Spectrum
- Nuclear Structure
- Nuclear Transformations
- Particle Detectors and Accelerators

#### ELECTRONICS (50)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Network Theorems
- Semiconductor and Diodes
- Bipolar Junction Transistors
- Amplifiers
- Operational amplifiers
- Feedback Amplifier
- Oscillators
- FET and UJT
- Digital Electronics and Logic gates

## B.SC. PHYSICS Third YEAR

#### MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS (60%) (96)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Vector analysis
- Tensor analysis
- Linear vector spaces
- Fourier series and transforms
- Differential equations
- Partial differential equations

#### CLASSICAL MECHANICS (40%) (64)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Motion in Central Field
- Elastic and Inelastic Collision
- Elementary Principles
- Variational Principles and Lagrange’s Equations
- Inertial Frames
- Motion of Rigid Bodies
- Relativity

#### SPACE SCIENCE (80)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Space Systems
- Physics of Remote Sensing
- Earth System
- Astronomy
- Space Dynamics

#### APPLIED MATHEMATICS (80)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Applications of differential equation
- Electric circuit theory
- Particle dynamics
- Rigid dynamics
- Applications of Fourier series
- Applications of partial differential equations

## B.SC. PHYSICS FOURTH YEAR

#### QUANTUM MECHANICS (160)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Introductory Wave Mechanics
- Quantum Mechanical Wave Propagation
- Operator Formalism in Quantum Mechanics
- Postulates of Quantum Mechanics
- One Dimensional Quantum Mechanical Problems
- Harmonic Oscillator and Applications
- Quantum Mechanical Problems and Solutions
- Central Potential Problems

#### NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS

#### NUCLEAR PHYSICS (50%) (80)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Nuclear Forces
- Nuclear Reactions
- Nuclear Models
- Nuclear Reactors
- Weak Nuclear Force
- Cosmic Rays
- Elementary Particles
- Particle Interaction

#### SOLID STATE PHYSICS (50%) (80)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Types and Structure of Crystals
- Crystal Structure from Diffraction
- Bonding in Crystals
- Defects in Crystals
- Lattice Dynamics
- Free Electron Theory
- Band Structure of Crystals
- Semiconductors
- Superconductivity
- Dielectric properties
- Magnetism

#### MATERIAL SCIENCE (160)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Introduction
- Synthesis of Materials
- Atomic Structures and Bonding
- Structure of Crystalline Solids
- Imperfections in Solids
- Phase diagrams
- Mechanical Properties of Metals
- Failure of Metals
- Mechanical properties of ceramics and polymers
- Electrical Properties of Materials
- Magnetic Properties of Materials
- Thermal Properties of Materials
- Optical Properties of Materials
- Science of Nanomaterials
- Processing of Materials
- Economic, Environmental and Societal Issues in Materials Science

#### ECONOPHYSICS (80)

#### COURSE CONTENTS:

- Introduction
- Efficient market hypothesis
- Random walk
- Levy stochastic processes and limit theorems
- Scales in financial data
- Stationary and time correlation