Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) - Kathmandu University


The aim of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program of Kathmandu University is to produce a well-rounded dental graduate who as a result of the four and a half years of undergraduate education program in dental surgery and one year of internship will be competent to carry out preventive, promotive and curative functions expected of a dental surgeon.

Six Dental Colleges of Nepal offers Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) course with affiliation from Kathmandu University.

The accent of the curricular approach is community orientation, integrated teaching-learning and problem-based learning.

To focus on the need of the students centered course, the course is patient based and oriented towards to the community. A problem based approach and integration of different subjects and specialties, to the possible extent, are encouraged and aims at:

  • Providing the basic skills and understanding the required for general dental practice of standards that are expected
  • Recognizing the achievement of appropriate standards of patient care based on needs of an individual and the community as a whole
  • Appraisal for commitment for continuing education
  • Preparing for higher training in a dental specialty
  • Raising the standards of dental sciences and dental practice for benefit of patient and the community

For integrated approach - the following subjects classically taught in the dental schools all throughout its four and half year curriculum, could be grouped as follows:

General Medical Sciences - Basic Medical Sciences, Internal Medicine, Surgery, Anesthesiology

Oral Structure, Function and Development - Oral Biology - Oral Anatomy and Embryology, Oral Physiology, Oral Biochemistry, Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics

Oral Pathogenesis and Disease Prevention - Dental Microbiology, Dental Pharmacology, Community and Preventive Oral Health, Periodontology, Oral Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Radiology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral Functional Sciences and Rehabilitation - Dental Materials Sciences, Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics, Prosthodontics, Oral Implantology

General Dentistry - General Dental Practice, Practice Ethics, Dental Practice Administration, Geriatric Dentistry, Dentistry for the disabled and special need dentistry

Others - Legislation and forensic odontology

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Admission criteria

Provisions for Admission Process

  1. In order to pass the integrated admission process, a minimum of 50 percent marks should be obtained.

  2. There will be no negative marking for wrong answers.

Candidates who have been successfully selected in the admission process will have to submit the following original and 1/1 photocopy of the following documents to the concerned educational institution at the time of admission.

  1. Certificate of qualification, Transcript and Character Certificate of 10+2 and SLC/SEE or Equivalent.

  2. Copy of Citizenship / Passport.

  3. Admit card of the Entrance Examination.

  4. Documents submitted for reservation.

  5. Certificate of Equivalence for the students with certificates from foreign institutions.

*Foreign candidates wishing to study in the vacated seat for foreign students must fill in the online application form mentioning the academic program of their choice within the time limit mentioned in this notice.

Provisions for Scholarships

As per Rule 20 of the National Medical Education Rules, 2077, out of the total scholarship seats to be awarded to the Government of Nepal at the undergraduate level, 55 percent of the seats will be distributed through open competition and 45 percent of the seats will be distributed on the basis of the following:

Female

33%

Dalit

9%

Aadibasi janajati

15%

Khas Aryan

17%

Madhesi

12%

Tharu

4%

Muslim

2%

Candidates from the Backward community

4%

Disabled

2%

Families of martyrs, families of disappeared persons, families of injured warriors, and conflict victims

2%

Examination Format:

Question Type: Single best response type of multiple-choice questions
Option:Four Options (A,B, C,D)
Number of Questions: 200
Full marks:200
Cognitive Ratio:Recall:Understanding:Application-30:50:20
Duration: 3 hours

Weightage

S.N.

Content/Domain

Question

a.

Zoology

40

1.

Biology, origin, and evolution of life

4

2.

General characteristics and classification of protozoa to Chordata.

8

3.

Plasmodium, earthworm, and frog,

8

4.

Human biology and human diseases

14

5.

Animal tissues

4

6.

Environmental pollution, adaptation and animal behavior, application of zoology

2

b.

Botany

40

7.

The basic component of life and biodiversity

11

8.

Ecology and environment

5

9.

Cell biology and genetics

12

10.

Anatomy and physiology

7

11.

Developmental and applied botany

5

c.

Chemistry

50

12.

General and physical chemistry

18

13.

Inorganic chemistry

14

14.

Organic chemistry

18

d.

Physics

50

15.

Mechanics

10

16.

Heat and thermodynamics

6

S.N.

Content/Domain

Question

17.

Geometrical optics and physical optics

6

18.

Current electricity and magnetism

9

19.

Sound waves, electrostatics, and capacitors

6

20.

Modern physics and nuclear physics

6

21.

Solid and semiconductor devices (electronics)

4

22.

Particle physics, source of energy, and universe

3

e.

Mental AgilityTest(MAT)

20

23.

Verbal reasoning

5

24.

Numerical reasoning

5

25.

Logical sequencing

5

26.

Spatial relation/Abstract reasoning

5

Total

200

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Salient features

The objective of the Program

On completion of the four and a half year of BDS program, the Dental Graduate should be able to:

  • Demonstrate the understanding of principles and practice of modem dentistry with an in-depth knowledge of structure and functions of the human body, normal and in diseases.
  • Develop a holistic approach to the practice of modem dentistry
  • Advance one's own knowledge and skills through higher education via continuing dental education programs and research.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of contemporary knowledge and skills.
  • Possess qualities of a compassionate and socially accountable human being.
  • Discharge job responsibilities with concern and care.
  • Provide immediate management care to life-threatening situations by self.
  • Identify common dental health problems, manage them initially, ask opinion from seniors or refer to appropriate health institutions when required.
  • Provide education to people on oral health and health-related matters.
  • Participate in immunization and dental health programs and in health camps.
  • Communicate well with patient and patient's relatives by explaining matters known and refer them to appropriate persons when matters are not clear to self.
  • Provide all information on matters of management of patients to the patient and the relatives.
  • Identify medico-legal dental cases and function as required.
  • Develop a dental health care team-approach and give respect to all the other members of the team.
  • Give due care to children, elder citizens, and women.
  • Provide dental health care by becoming aware of the ethos of dental ethics.
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Eligibility

  • Passed 10+2 Science or equivalent (with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) with 50% aggregate in total marks or CGPA 2.4 OR
  • Secured the Percentage equivalent to the above eligibility in regards to the certificate level programs (A-Level) with different grading system OR
  • Applicants who have passed the Health Science Proficiency Certificate Level/Diploma (General Medicine, Medical Lab Technology, Ophthalmic Science, Dental Science, Pharmacy, Ayurveda, Radiography, Physiotherapy) containing Physics, Chemistry, and Biology With Certificate of Equivalence to Grade 12 Science program from National Examination Board AND
  • Secured at least 50% aggregate in total marks both in Diploma and the Examination for equivalence AND
  • Registered in Nepal Health Professional council or Nepal Pharmacy Council or Nepal Ayurveda Councils per related educational program.

Curricular structure

Course Duration: Five and half years

  1. Pre-clinical and para- clinical: Two years
  2. Clinical: Two and half years
  3. Internship: One year of compulsory Rotating Residential
  4. Schedule of internship followed by the a medical institution: Internship scheme according to Nepal Medical Guidelines & routine attached
  5. Monitoring and evaluation of mechanism of performance of Intern: Departmental assessment of all interns where they will be posted
  6. Alternative internship plan for students infected with chronic infections: Up till now, such type of condition not aroused

First Year: I semester

First Year: II semester

  • Basic concepts
  • Autonomic Nervous System
  • Haemopoietic System, Reticuloendothelial System - Basic Concepts of Immunity Musculo-skeletal System - I - Upper and Lower Limbs
  • Community Medicine/ Dentistry
  • Oral Biology
  • Dental Materials
  • Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics
  • Pre-Clinical Conservative Dentistry
  • Respiratory System
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Community Medicine/ Dentistry
  • Oral Biology
  • Dental Materials
  • Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics
  • Pre-Clinical Conservative Dentistry

Year Two: III semester

IV semester

  • Gastrointestinal System
  • Hepatobiliary System
  • Renal - Electrolyte System
  • Metabolism and Endocrine System
  • Reproductive System
  • Growth, Development and Genetics
  • Community Medicine/ Dentistry
  • Dental Materials
  • Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics
  • Pre-Clinical Conservative Dentistry
  • Pre-Clinical Orthodontics
  • Immune System and Immunology
  • Integumentary System
  • Central Nervous System and Special Senses
  • Musculo-skeletal System - II
  • Community Medicine/ Dentistry
  • Dental Materials
  • Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics
  • Pre-Clinical Conservative Dentistry
  • Pre-Clinical Orthodontics

Year Three: V semester

VI semester

  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Oral Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Dentistry
  • Community Dentistry including Community Medicine
  • Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology
  • Periodontics
  • Pedodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge
  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Oral Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Dentistry
  • Community Dentistry including Community Medicine
  • Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology
  • Periodontics
  • Pedodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge

Year Four: VII semester

VIII semester

  • Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology
  • Periodontics
  • Pedodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge
  • Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology
  • Periodontics
  • Pedodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge

Year Five: IX semester

Internship

  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge

• One year rotating

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