The clinical health science of pharmacy is responsible for the discovery, production, disposal, safe and effective use, and control of pharmaceuticals and drugs. Pharmacy practice necessitates a thorough understanding of medications, their mechanisms of action, side effects, interactions, mobility, and toxicity. It also necessitates treatment expertise and comprehension of the disease process. Other abilities, such as understanding the collecting and evaluation of physical and laboratory data, are required by some pharmacist specializations, such as clinical pharmacy.
Pharmacy practice encompasses both conventional tasks like compounding and dispensing pharmaceuticals, as well as more modern healthcare activities such as clinical services, medication safety, and efficacy reviews, and drug information dissemination. As a result, pharmacists are drug therapy experts and the primary health professionals who optimize medicine use for the benefit of patients.
The field of pharmacy consists of three major subcategories, namely pharmaceutics/ pharmacokinetics, medicinal chemistry and pharmacognosy, and Pharmacy practice.
The field of pharmacy can be broken down into three main categories:
The distinctions between these fields and other sciences, such as biochemistry, are sometimes blurry. Often, multidisciplinary teams (pharmacists and other scientists) collaborate to develop new treatments and patient care strategies. Pharmacy, on the other hand, is not a basic or biological science in the traditional sense. Medicinal chemistry is a subfield of synthetic chemistry that brings together pharmacology, organic chemistry, and chemical biology.