· Entrance

Exam Date: **August 24, 2024 08:15**

Normal Fee: **Rs. 2,000**

Late Fee:** Rs. 3,000**

Opens at **2024-07-17**

Closes at **2024-08-20**

Full Marks: **100**

Pass Marks: **33**

Exam Type: N/A

Question Type: **Objective**

Number of Questions: N/A

Duration:**2 hours**

Negative Marking: N/A

Purbanchal University's Faculty of Engineering conducts a BE/B.Arch entrance examination for enrollment in its engineering programs. Students interested in enrolling in one of the seven engineering programs, such as BE Civil, BE Electronics, Communication and Automation, BE Electrical, BE Computer, BE Geomatic, BE Biomedical, or Bachelor in Architecture, must appear for and pass this entrance examination.

The exam has 100 marks, and applicants must secure at least 33 marks to pass. It lasts 2 hours and consists of 100 multiple-choice questions, with the following weightage: Mathematics (40%), Physics (30%), Chemistry (20%), and English (10%).

- Candidates must bring their admit card with a color photo and an original identity card (citizenship certificate/driving license/national ID card/voter ID card/admit card of the final semester or yearly exam of Class 12 or Diploma or equivalent) when coming to the examination. Foreign nationals must bring their passport or another original identity card.
- Candidates are not allowed to bring the following items into the examination hall:
- Books
- Notes
- Cheats
- Mobile phones
- Smartwatches/Earphones
- Programmable calculators
- Purses
- Pocket computers or other prohibited items

- Candidates must write on the answer sheet only with the gel pen provided by the university.
- Candidates arriving more than 30 minutes after the entrance examination starts will not be allowed to participate.
- Candidates must sit in the designated seat according to the seat plan directed by the chief of the center.
- Candidates must follow the instructions given by the center's chief and inspectors. Failure to do so may result in expulsion and cancellation of the examination.
- Candidates cannot make noise, converse, show each other question papers or answer sheets, or communicate symbolically in the examination room. If such activities are found, candidates will be expelled from the examination.
- If candidates need to do rough work, it should be done on the question booklet.
- No corrections are allowed on the answer sheet. Candidates must carefully fill in their name, roll number, and signature in the correct place on the answer sheet. No new answer sheet will be provided for any mistakes.
- Candidates are not allowed to ask inspectors any questions about the examination.
- Candidates are not allowed to leave their seats or the examination hall within one hour after the start of the examination.
- Candidates must submit both the question booklet and the answer sheet compulsorily.

For all undergraduate programs BE (Biomedical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Electronics, Communication and Automation, Geomatic) / Bachelor in Architecture:

(a) Students must have studied Math, Physics, & Chemistry with 100 full marks in classes 11 or 12 of 10+2 or equivalent examinations, with a minimum C grade. Students who have studied these subjects in both classes 11 and 12 but obtained a minimum C grade in either class are eligible for the entrance exam.

or

(b) Students who have completed a 3-year Diploma in Engineering or National Examination Board (Technical 9-12) or equivalent, and have done a diploma in the desired educational program, are not subject to the 10+2 or equivalent arrangement. Students obtaining a minimum of 2 CGPA (out of 4) or 45% are eligible for the entrance exam.

or

(c) Students who have completed a 3-year Diploma in Engineering or National Examination Board (Technical 9-12) or equivalent, with a minimum 2.0 CGPA (out of 4) or 45%, and obtained a minimum C grade in any class for Math, Physics, & Chemistry are eligible for all educational programs.

or

(d) Students who have studied A Level and obtained a minimum D grade in all subjects of Math, Physics, and Chemistry are eligible for the entrance exam.

or

(e) Students who have passed 10+2 or equivalent with both grades and percentage, obtaining a minimum of 45% in aggregate and a minimum of 45% in Math, Physics, & Chemistry/Computer subjects are eligible for the entrance exam.

or

(f) Students who have passed I. Sc. or equivalent with a minimum of 45% are eligible for the entrance exam.

Note:

- For students with separate grades for Theory/Practical in Math, Physics, Chemistry at the 10+2 or equivalent level, a minimum aggregate grade (Theory + Practical) of C is required to be eligible for the undergraduate entrance exam.
- Students who have studied 100 full marks of Computer Science instead of Chemistry and obtained a minimum C grade or 45% are also eligible for the BE Computer / BE Geomatic / Bachelor in Architecture entrance exam.
- If CGPA is evaluated based on more than 4, then students obtaining a minimum of 50% of CGPA will be eligible.

The weightage for Mathematics (M), Physics (P), Chemistry (C) and English (E) for the entrance examination syllabus shall be 40%, 30%, 20% and 10%, respectively.

Subject |
Weightage Percentage |

Mathematics (M) | 40% |

Physics (P) | 30% |

Chemistry (C) | 20% |

English (E) | 10% |

**1. Set, Logic and Functions**

1.1 Set, real number system, intervals, absolute value, logic, connectives, laws of logic

1.2 Function, types of functions – injective, surjective, bijective, algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic; Inverse of function, composite functions

**2. Algebra**

2.1 Matrices and determinants, types and properties, inverse of a matrix

2.2 Complex numbers and Polynomial equations

2.3 Sequence and series, Permutation and Combination

2.4 Binomial theorem, exponential and logarithmic series

**3. Trigonometry**

3.1 Trigonometric equations and general values

3.2 Inverse trigonometric functions, principal value

3.3 Properties of triangles, in-centre, ortho-centre and circum-centre, solution of triangles

**4. Coordinate Geometry**

4.1 Straight lines, pair of lines

4.2 Circles, equations of circle in different forms, tangent and normal

4.3 Conic sections: Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola, standard equations and simple properties

4.4 Coordinates in space, Plane and its equation

**5. Calculus**

5.1 Limit and continuity of functions, indeterminate forms, L’Hospital’s rule

5.2 Derivatives, rules of derivatives, geometrical & physical meanings, higher order derivatives, applications of derivative: tangent and normal, rate of change, maxima and minima

5.3 Integration, linear properties, rules of integration, standard integrals, definite integral, applications of definite integral: area under a curve and area between two curves

5.4 Differential equations, order and degree, differential equation of first order and first degree: variable separable method, homogeneous, linear and exact differential equations, integrating factor

**6. Vectors and their Products**

6.1 Vectors in plane and space, algebra of vectors, linear combination of vectors, linearly dependent and independent set of vectors

6.2 Product of two vectors, scalar and vector product of two vectors, scalar triple product

7. Statistics and Probability

7.1 Measures of location and measures of dispersion

7.2 Correlation and regression

7.3 Basic terms of probability, conditional and compound probability, additive and multiplicative rules, Bayes’ theorem, binomial distribution

**1. Mechanics**

1.1 Physical Quantities, Vector and Kinematics: Dimensions, Resolution and Polygon laws of Vector, Vector Algebra, Equations of Motions, Projectile Motion, Relative Motion

1.2 Newton’s Laws of Motion and Friction: Conservation of linear momentum, Applications of Newton’s Laws in Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium, laws of Solid Friction and verification

1.3 Work, Energy and Power: Work-Energy theorem, Kinetic and Potential energy, Conservation of Energy, Conservative and non-conservative forces, Elastic and inelastic collisions

1.4 Circular motion, Gravitation and SHM: Centripetal force, Conical Pendulum, Banking of Track, Gravitational Potential, variation of g, Motion of satellite, Rocket launch technology, Energy in SHM, Spring -Mass system, simple Pendulum, Damped and Forced oscillation, resonance

1.5 Rotational Dynamics: Moment of Inertia, Radius of Gyration, Rotational KE, Center of gravity and center of mass, Torque, Conservation of Angular momentum

1.6 Elasticity: Hook’s law, Young modulus, Bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity, Poissons’ ratio, elastic energy

1.7 Fluid Mechanics: buoyancy, flotation, Archimedes’ principle, surface tension, capillarity and applications, viscosity, Newton, Stoke and Poiseuille’s formula, Reynold number, continuity equation, Bernoulli’s equation

**2. Heat and Thermodynamics**

2.1 Temperature and Quantity of Heat: Thermal Equilibrium, Specific heat, latent heat Method of Mixture, Measurement of specific heat and latent heat, Newton’s law of cooling, triple point

2.2 Thermal expansion: Expansion of Solid & Liquid, Measurement and Applications of expansions

2.3 Transfer of Heat: Conduction, Convection, Radiation, Thermal Conductivity, Black body radiation, Stefan- Boltzmann law

2.4 Thermal properties of Matter: Molecular Properties of matter, Kinetic Theory of gases, heat capacities of gases and solids

2.5 Laws of Thermodynamics: First law, Heat and Work, relation of specific heat of gas, thermodynamics processes, Second law, Heat engine, efficiency, Carnot Cycle, Otto Cycle, Diesel cycle, Refrigerator, Entropy.

**3. Geometric and Physical Optics**

3.1 Reflection: Plane and Curved Mirror, Mirror Formula

3.2 Refraction: Plane Surface, Critical Angle, Total Internal Reflection, Lateral shift, Prism, Minimum Deviation, Lenses, Lens Formula, Lens maker’s formula, Combination of lenses in contact, Optical Fiber

3.3 Dispersion: Spectrum, Dispersive Power, Chromatic Aberration, Achromatism, Spherical Aberration, Scattering of light

3.4 Nature and Propagation of Light: Huygen’s principle, Velocity of light

3.5 Interference: Coherent sources, Young’s double slit experiment

3.6 Diffraction: Fraunhoffer diffraction, Diffraction grating, Resolving power

3.7 Polarization: Brewster’s law, Transverse nature of light, Polaroid

**4. Waves and Sound**

4.1 Wave Motion: Travelling and Stationary wave

4.2 Mechanical Waves: velocity of sound in solid, gas and liquid, effect of temperature, pressure, humidity

4.3 Waves in Pipes and String: closed and Open pipes, Resonance, Resonance Tube, string, laws of vibration of fixed string

4.4 Acoustic Phenomena: Pressure amplitude, intensity level, quality and pitch, Ultrasonic and Infrasonic, Doppler’s effect

**5. Electricity & Magnetism**

5.1 Electrostatics: Coulomb’s law, Electric field and Gauss law, Potential and potential gradient, Capacitors, combination of capacitors, types of capacitors, effect of dielectrics, Energy stored by capacitors, polarization and displacement

5.2 DC Circuits: Ohm’s law, resistivity and conductivity, work and power, Galvanometer and Ohm meter, internal resistance, Joule’s law, Kirchhoff’s law and applications

5.3 Thermoelectric Effect: Seebeck effect, Thermocouples, Peltier effect, Thermopile, Thomson effect

5.4 Magnetic effect: Force on a conductor and charge, Torque, Hall’s effect, Biot-Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Force between parallel conductors

5.5 Magnetic properties of matter: Earth magnetism, magnetic materials, permeability, susceptibility, hysteresis

5.6 Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday’s law, Induced emf, AC Generators, Self and mutual induction, energy stored by inductor, transformer

5.7 Alternating Currents: RMS value, Phasor diagram of capacitance, inductance and resistance, Quality factor, Power factor

**6. Modern Physics**

6.1 Electrons: Millikons’s experiment, Cathode rays, specific charge

6.2 Photons & Quantization of Energy: Photoelectric effect, Plank’s constant, Bohr’s theory, spectral series, De Broglie theory, Uncertainty principle, X-ray and Bragg’s law, Laser

6.3 Solids & Semiconductor Devices: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, P-N junction, Rectification, Zener diode, Transistor, Logic gates

6.4 Radioactivity & Nuclear Reaction: Atomic mass, Isotopes, Nuclear density, Einstein’s mass energy relation, mass defect, fission & fusion, law of radioactive disintegration, carbon dating, health hazard

6.5 Recent Trends in Physics

6.5.1 Particle Physics: Particle and anti-particle, Quarks, Lepton, Baryon, Mesons, Higgs Boson

6.5.2 Universe: Big Bang and Hubble’s Law, Dark Matter, Gravitational Wave, Black Hole

6.5.3 Seismology: Pressure wave, Surface Wave, Internal wave

6.5.4 Telecommunication: Radio, TV and Mobile, GPS and Remote sensing

6.5.5 Environment: Energy Crisis, Environment Pollution, Ozone Layer

6.5.6 New Technology & Materials: Nano-technology, super conductor & Perfect conductor

**1. Physical Chemistry**

1.1 Chemical Arithmetic: Dalton’s atomic theory and Laws of Stoichiometry, Atomic mass and Molecular mass, Empirical molecular formula and limiting Reactants, Avogadro are Hypothesis and its applications and Equivalent masses.

1.2 State of Matter: Gaseous state, liquid and solid states.

1.3 Atomic Structure and Periodic Classification of Elements:

1.4 Oxidation, Reduction and Equilibrium

1.5 Volumetric Analysis,

1.6 Ionic Equilibrium, Acid, Base and Salt

1.7 Electrochemistry

1.8 Energetic of Chemical Reaction, Chemical Kinetics, Chemical Bonding and Shape of Molecules

**2. Inorganic Chemistry**

2.1 Non-metal: Hydrogen, Oxygen, Ozone, Water, Nitrogen and its compounds, Halogen, Carbon, Phosphorous, sulphur, Noble gas and Environment pollution.

2.2 Metals: Metallurgical Principle, Alkali metal, Alkaline Earth metals, Coinage metals: Copper, Silver, Gold

2.3 Extraction of Metal: Zinc and Mercury, Iron Compound

**3. Organic Chemistry**

3.1 Introduction: Fundamental principles, Purification of organic compounds, Nomenclature of Organic compounds, Structure isomerism and idea of reaction mechanism

3.2 Hydrocarbons: Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes, Aromatic hydrocarbons

3.3 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

3.4 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

3.5 Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives, Aliphatic and Aromatic

3.6 Nitro Compounds and Amines: Aromatic and Aliphatic

The English proficiency test for entrance in engineering is based on general English and it is designed to measure students’ abilities to communicate in English. It consists of four (4) chapters, with each chapter consisting of 4-8 sub-chapters, as outlined hereunder. Each university may decide on distribution of weightage across each chapter/sub-chapter.

**1. Vocabulary**

1.1 Synonyms and antonyms

1.2 Homonyms, homophones

1.3 Word building, suffixes and prefixes

1.4 Meaning of words in context

1.5 Idioms and phrases

**2. Grammar**

2.1 Articles and possessives

2.2 Pronouns, prepositions, adjectives, adverbs

2.3 Tenses, modals, conditions

2.4 Subject verb agreement

2.5 Tag questions

2.6 Sentence types and transformations

2.7 Voice

2.8 Direct and indirect narration

**3. Reading Comprehension**

3.1 Contents/ideas

3.2 Reading between the lines

3.3 Contextual clues

3.4 Reconstruction (rewording)

**4. Writing**

4.1 Punctuations

4.2 Cohesive devices

4.3 Coherence

4.4 Discourse markers

**5. Sounds of English**

5.1 Phonemes

5.2 Phonemics symbols

5.3 Word stress

5.4 Intonation