MSc in Botany

MSc in Botany

2 years
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Tribhuvan University has been running M.Sc Botany program in its Central Department of Botany and other constituent/affiliated colleges. The university has already produced about 2500 M.Sc. botany graduate.

The two year M. Sc. program is divided in to 4 semesters, each of six month duration with final examination at the end of each semester. In each semester, the students have to appear in two internal assessments.


The eligible criterion for admission in M.Sc in Botany is B.Sc. Botany or equivalent degree from the recognized universities. Enrollment of the students will be based on the merit list and which is calculated as:

Marks secured on the entrance examination (80%)

Aggregate marks in their B.Sc. (20%).

Prospect Careers

Curricular Structure

M.Sc. Botany encompasses both coursework and research (in the form of dissertation). The first and second semesters involve mainly coursework (both theory and practical) and the third semester involves a component of fundamentals of research for the preliminary research preparation in addition to the special coursework. The fourth semester involves coursework in research methodology and dissertation work. The complete course accounts for 62 credit hours. The outline of the course is given below:

First Semester (Total credit: 15)

Bot. 511 (Th.), 512 (Pr.): Bacteria, Virus, Lichen and Fungi

Bot. 513 (Th.), 514 (Pr.): Algae

Bot. 515 (Th.), 516 (Pr.): Bryophyte

Bot. 517 (Th.), 518 (Pr.): Pteridophytes

Bot. 519 (Th.), 520 (Pr.): Gymnosperm and Paleobotany

Detail course of first semester can be downloaded from here

Second Semester (Total credit: 17)

Bot. 521 (Th.), 522 (Pr.): Taxonomy of Angiosperms

Bot. 523 (Th.), 524 (Pr.): Ecology

Bot. 525 (Th.), 526 (Pr.): Physiology

Bot. 527 (Th.), 528 (Pr.): Cytology and Genetics

Bot. 529: Seminar + Term paper + Field work.

Detail course of second semester can be downloaded from here

Third Semester (Total credit: 18)

  1. Special Paper (any one group ‘A’ to ‘D’, total credit: 16)

Group A: Ecology and Resource Management

  • Bot. 611 (Th.), 612 (Pr.): Population, Community and Ecosystem Ecology
  • Bot. 613 (Th.), 614 (Pr.): Functional Plant Ecology
  • Bot. 615 (Th.), 616 (Pr.): Landscape and Global Change Ecology
  • Bot. 617 (Th.), 618 (Pr.): Natural Resources Management

Group B: Plant Systematics and Biodiversity Conservation

  • Bot. 621 (Th.), 622 (Pr.): Plant Systematics and Evolution
  • Bot. 623 (Th.), 624 (Pr.): Applied Systematics
  • Bot. 625 (Th.), 626 (Pr.): Biodiversity and Biogeography
  • Bot. 627 (Th.), 628 (Pr.): Plant Conservation Biology

Group C: Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology

  • Bot. 631 (Th.), 632 (Pr.): Plant Biochemistry
  • Bot. 633 (Th.), 634 (Pr.): Molecular Biology
  • Bot. 635 (Th.), 636 (Pr.): Plant Biotechnology
  • Bot. 637 (Th.), 638 (Pr.): Genetic Engineering

Group D: Applied Mycology and Plant Pathology

  • Bot. 641 (Th.), 642 (Pr.): Applied Mycology
  • Bot. 643 (Th.), 644 (Pr.): Agriculture and Forest Pathology
  • Bot. 645 (Th.), 646 (Pr.): Microbes and Human Welfare
  • Bot. 647 (Th.), 648 (Pr.): Seed and Food Security
  1. Compulsory course (Total credit: 2)

Bot. 661: Research Methodology I (Theory)

Bot. 662: Dissertation Proposal and Seminar

Detail course of third semester can be downloaded from here.

Fourth Semester (Total credit: 12)

Bot. 671 (Th.), 672 (Pr.): Research Methodology II

Bot. 673: Dissertation Work

Detail course of forth semester can be downloaded from here.