BSc Botany

BSc Botany

4 years

Offering Colleges (4)

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Botany is a four-year course of Tribhuvan University. B.Sc Botany is offered by many constituent and affiliated colleges of Tribhuvan University across the nation.

Botany as a subject was introduced in Nepal for the first time in 1947 A.D with the introduction of biology at Intermediate of Science level at Tri-Chandra College in Kathmandu. It was upgraded to Bachelor level in 1950 A.D.


Any candidates who have completed 10+ 2 or equivalent securing minimum 'C' grade in all subjects of Grade 11 and 12 are eligible for admission in Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Botany program of Tribhuvan University. 

Curricular Structure

B.Sc. First Year Botany (Bot. 101)

Course Content

  • Unit 1: Introduction
  • Unit 2: Kingdom: Monera
  • Unit 3A: Kingdom: Fungi
  • Unit 3B: Lichens
  • Unit 4: Kingdom Plantae: Algae
  • Unit 4B: Bryophyta
  • Unit 4C: Pteridophyta
  • Unit 4D: Gymnosperms
  • Unit 4E: Palaeobotany
  • Unit 5: Ecology

B.Sc. Second Year Botany-II (Bot. 201)

Course Content

  • Unit I: Angiosperms
  • Unit II: Plant Physiology
  • Unit IIi: Cytology and Genetics
  • Unit IV: Embryology
  • unit V: Plant Anatomy

B.Sc. Third Year Botany

A) Plant Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology (Bot. 301) Regular

Course Content

Unit A: Plant Biochemistry

  • Introduction
  • Bio-molecules
  • Enzymes
  • Plant pigments
  • Vitamins and their role in plants
  • Introduction to bioinformatics

Unit B: Plant Biotechnology

  • Overview of Biotechnology
  • Plant tissue culture technique and application
  • Plant-Microbe Interaction
  • Gene transfer in plants

B) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) (Bot. 304)

Course Content

  • Unit 1: Overview and importance
  • Unit 2: Diversity, distribution and trade potentials
  • Unit 3: Conversation status and sustainable use
  • Unit 4: Pharmacognosy
  • Unit 5: Cultivation technologies of commercially important MAPs
  • Unit 6: Harvesting technologies of commercially important MAPs. 
  • Unit 7: Field (herbal farm/herbal industry) visit and reporting writing

C) Evolution and Biogeography (Bot. 303) (Elective) (Regular)

Course Content

  • Unit 1: Basic concepts
  • Unit 2: Variation and evolution
  • Unit 3: Basic concepts
  • Unit 4: Historical biogeography
  • Unit 5: Ecological biography

B.Sc. Fourth Year Botany

A) Environment and Biodiversity

Course Content

I) Environment

  • Introduction
  • Biosphere and Biomes
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Environmental Issues
  • Energy issues
  • Natural Resources Management
  • Environmental Impact Assestment(EIA)
  • Environmental Affairs

II) Biodiversity

  • Introduction
  • BIodiversity Overview
  • Uses of Biodiversity
  • Loss of Biodiversity
  • Conservation and Management of Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity and climate change
  • Ethnobotany
  • Biodiversity Policy

B) Plant Pathology and Protection (Bot. 403)

Course Contents

  • Plant Pathology
  • Plant Protection

C) Applied Botany (Bot. 405)

Course Contents


  • Introduction
  • Ornamental plants in garden and nature
  • Plant Propagation
  • Garden implements and operations
  • Production technology of commercial flowers
  • Post-harvest technology of ornamental plants

Mushroom Cultivation

  • Introduction
  • Influence of Climatic factors
  • Production technology
  • Cultivation Techniques
  • Post-harvest management of Mushroom

Plants and Society (Bot. 407)

Course Contents

  • Plant diversity and its importance
  • Plants in Industry
  • Society and Plant Resources