BSc Environmental Science

BSc Environmental Science

4 years
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Tribhuvan University’s Institute of Science and Technology introduced its three-year B.Sc. programme in Environmental Science since 1997 and upgraded to four-year course from 2012. The revised four-year B.Sc. Environmental Science curriculum aims to include some of the most pressing and contemporary environmental issues such as climate change, disaster risk management and advances in modelling, and other topics.

Universities in Nepal are offering environmental science programs as an interdisciplinary subject after the 1990’s. Tribhuvan University is a pioneer institution to initiate courses in Environmental Science, B.Sc. in 1997 and M.Sc. in 2001. The B.Sc. Environmental Science is offered in 17 campuses in different parts of the country.


The candidate must have completed 10+2 or equivalent examinations (with Biological Stream) with Minimum 'C' grade in all subjects to be eligible for admission in Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Environmental Science program of Tribhuvan University. 

Curricular Structure

B.Sc. First-Year Environmental Science (Env. 101)

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Environmental Science

Unit 2: Population and Community Analysis

Unit 3: Ecosystem Dynamics

Unit 4: Environmental Chemistry

Unit 5: Atmospheric Environment

Unit 6: Environmental Earth Science

B.Sc. Second Year Environmental Science (Env. 201)

Course Contents

Unit 1: Limnology

Unit 2: Hydrology

Unit 3: Climatology

Unit 4: Environmental Geology and Environmental Survey

Unit 5: Environmental Microbiology

Unit 6: Agriculture and Biotechnology

B.Sc. Third-year Environmental Science

A) Environmental Pollution and Management Tools (Env. 301)

Course Contents

Unit 1: Environmental Pollution

  • 1.1 Air Pollution and Aerosols
  • 1.2 Water Pollution
  • 1.3 Noise Pollution
  • 1.4 Soil Pollution

Unit 2: Environmental Assessment- Introduction and the Process

Unit 3: Impacts Assessment Techniques and Mitigation Measures

Unit 4: Environmental Monitoring, Auditing and Governance

Unit 5: Environmental Management System

B) Solid Waste Management (Env. 304)

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction and Characteristics of Solid Waste

Unit 2: Generation, Collection and Processing of Solid Waste

Unit 3: Disposal and Landfill Management

Unit 4: Hazardous and Special Wastes

Unit 5: Institutions and Regulatory Framework

B.Sc. Fourth-year Environmental Science 

A) Biodiversity Conservation and Management (Env. 401)

Course Contents

I) Environmental Resources

Unit 1: Water, Land, and Mineral Resources

  • 1.1 Water Resources
  • 1.2 Land and Mineral Resources

Unit 2: Food and Energy Resources

  • 2.1 Energy Resources
  • 2.2 Food Resources

Unit 3: Indigenous Practices in Resource Management

II) Biodiversity Conservation

Unit 1: Introduction and Status of Biodiversity 

Unit 2: Threats to Biodiversity

Unit 3: Conservation and Management of Biodiversity

Unit 4:  Conservation and Sustainable Development

Unit 5: Conservation Policies

B) Pollution Monitoring and Control

Course Contents

Unit 1: Air Pollution Monitoring and Control

Unit 2: Water Pollution Monitoring and Control

Unit 3: Noise Pollution Monitoring and Control

Unit 4: Land Pollution Monitoring and Control

Unit 5: Solid Waste Management

Unit 6: Eco-toxicology

C) Urbanization and Sustainable Development

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Urbanization

Unit 2: Urban Environmental Concerns

Unit 3: Sustainable Cities and Urban Management Initiatives

Unit 4: Introduction to Sustainable Development

Unit 5: Sustainable Development in Nepal

Unit 6: Policy Framework on Environmental Sustainability and Development Goals 

D) Climate Change

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Climate and Climate Change 

Unit 2: Climate Change Impacts

Unit 3: Climate Change Risk and Vulnerability Assessment

Unit 4: Climate Change Adaptation and Strategies

Unit 5: Climate Change Mitigation

Revised Syllabus B.Sc First year and Second year-2073.pdf