National Examinations Board

Sanothimi, Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur

National Examinations Board has been defined in the Education Act as an autonomous and organized institution with uninterrupted succession. According to the provisions of the Education Act, the National Examinations Board is responsible for the operation, management, and promotion of school education examinations. The National Examinations Board's core task will be to create and enhance examination methods.

The National Examinations Board is in charge of all tasks that were previously handled by the Higher Secondary Education Board's Examination Controller's office. 

Offered Programs

Salient Features


Every year, National Examination Board provides 3 per cent scholarship to hardworking and meritorious students from community schools to study in institutional schools of their choice

Function of National Examination Board

  1. Granting approval for + 2 schools.
  2. Developing and revising curricula and textbook materials.
  3. Conducting examinations and publishing results.
  4. Awarding certificates to Higher Secondary graduates.
  5. Supervising and monitoring Higher Secondary School programs.
  6. Implementing plans and programs for improving Higher Secondary Education.
  7. Recruiting technical, professional and administrative staff.
  8. Designing and implementing training programs for +2 school teachers and other staff.
  9. Conducting seminars and workshops.
  10. Undertaking research activities, which focus on various issues in this field.
  11. Keeping liaison with various national and international institutions.

Organizational Structure of the Board

The organizational structure of the National Examinations Board has been fixed as follows.

  1. The Chairman - The person recommended by a three-member search committee chaired by the chairperson of the Civil Service Commission and consisting of two renowned educationists, at least one of whom is a woman, and who is nominated by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; with a master's degree from a recognized university and at least twelve years of experience in education and examination related work
  2. Secretary, the Ministry of Education – Vice-Chairman
  3. Joint-Secretary (Education Wing), Ministry of Education - Member
  4. Director General, Department of Education- Member
  5. Executive Director- Curriculum Development Center- Member
  6. Member Secretary,  Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT)-  Member
  7. The controller of Examinations, Tribhuvan University- Member
  8. Three persons, with at least one representation of a woman from the university profession, education administration and examinations with at least ten years’ experience, appointed by the Board- Member
  9. Two principals with at least a woman appointed by the ministry of education from community and institutional high schools- Member
  10. First class officer of Nepal education service or an officer from senior officers of National Examination Board- Member Secretary.

The Jurisdiction of the Board

The National Examinations Board will conduct two secondary school examinations, one for class 10 and the other for grade 12. The examinations for grade 10 will be held at the provincial level, whereas the final examinations for the basic level (grade 8) will be held by local bodies, as stated in the Education Act.

  • Established 1989 AD
  • 01-6630848, 01-6631394

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Map for National Examinations Board


National Examinations Board was established in 2016, replacing HSEB which was established in 1989 under the Higher Secondary Education Act. The board is involved in running the 10 + 2 system in the country.

Nepal National Commission of Education 1992 recommended the importance of the 10 + 2 structure in the education system and viewed it as the first step towards specialization.

Incorporating extra two years in school education was a change in the existing educational structure aiming at meeting the middle level manpower and imparting necessary knowledge and skills to the students pursuing further education.

The higher secondary education in Nepal, is nothing more than the result of globalization, a need to come in terms with the global markets when the world is turning into a global village, and the countries, border less.

Today is the time of multiculturalism, where every voice from every country is striving to have their say. Today the situation may be viewed as an indeterminate set of attitudes that has been shaped by various diversities of cultural and intellectual currents.

Here, education cannot be separated from this politics of existence because it is only through education that one can prove them.

Today's world with its constant and extensive interaction between people of different countries demands a system and standard of education that can earn international recognition.

On the other hand no education system will be viable if it has no relevance to the community and its environs. So, the Higher Secondary Education is a critical stage in development of the human resources essential for economic development and social progress of the country.

Passing various difficult phases with the passage of time, education is gradually getting due priority in the regions of our country.

The National Examinations Board has been in operation since the adoption of the Education Act (8th Amendment) 2073, having been changed from the previous Higher Secondary Education Board. Grade 10 Secondary Education Examinations (SEE) and grades 11 and 12 School Leaving Certificate Examination (SLCE) examination duties have now been merged within the National Examinations Board's authority.

Rights and Duties of the Board

  • To make the policies of the Board and take them to implementation based on the examination policies approved by Education Ministry.
  • To prepare the long term plans of the Board and implement them.
  • To make an evaluation whether value and quality have been maintained in School Education Examinations or not.
  • To approve the annual budget and programs of the Board
  • To manage financial resources to operate the daily tasks of the Board.
  • To submit the periodic and annual reports of the Board to the Ministry of Education
  • To carry out other works and duties as mentioned in the Act.

The National Examinations Board's office has been created in the existing office of the Higher Secondary Education Board, and it is carrying out its daily operational responsibilities. Exam-related activities for grades 11 and 12 are managed by the National Examinations Board's controller's office. And the SLC (class 10) Examinations Controller's Office is in charge of the examination-related tasks for grade 10.