National Examinations Board has been defined in the Education Act as an autonomous and organized institution with uninterrupted succession. According to the provisions of the Education Act, the National Examinations Board is responsible for the operation, management, and promotion of school education examinations. The National Examinations Board's core task will be to create and enhance examination methods.
The National Examinations Board is in charge of all tasks that were previously handled by the Higher Secondary Education Board's Examination Controller's office.
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Every year, National Examination Board provides 3 per cent scholarship to hardworking and meritorious students from community schools to study in institutional schools of their choice
Function of National Examination Board
- Granting approval for + 2 schools.
- Developing and revising curricula and textbook materials.
- Conducting examinations and publishing results.
- Awarding certificates to Higher Secondary graduates.
- Supervising and monitoring Higher Secondary School programs.
- Implementing plans and programs for improving Higher Secondary Education.
- Recruiting technical, professional and administrative staff.
- Designing and implementing training programs for +2 school teachers and other staff.
- Conducting seminars and workshops.
- Undertaking research activities, which focus on various issues in this field.
- Keeping liaison with various national and international institutions.
Organizational Structure of the Board
The organizational structure of the National Examinations Board has been fixed as follows.
- The Chairman - The person recommended by a three-member search committee chaired by the chairperson of the Civil Service Commission and consisting of two renowned educationists, at least one of whom is a woman, and who is nominated by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; with a master's degree from a recognized university and at least twelve years of experience in education and examination related work
- Secretary, the Ministry of Education – Vice-Chairman
- Joint-Secretary (Education Wing), Ministry of Education - Member
- Director General, Department of Education- Member
- Executive Director- Curriculum Development Center- Member
- Member Secretary, Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT)- Member
- The controller of Examinations, Tribhuvan University- Member
- Three persons, with at least one representation of a woman from the university profession, education administration and examinations with at least ten years’ experience, appointed by the Board- Member
- Two principals with at least a woman appointed by the ministry of education from community and institutional high schools- Member
- First class officer of Nepal education service or an officer from senior officers of National Examination Board- Member Secretary.
The Jurisdiction of the Board
The National Examinations Board will conduct two secondary school examinations, one for class 10 and the other for grade 12. The examinations for grade 10 will be held at the provincial level, whereas the final examinations for the basic level (grade 8) will be held by local bodies, as stated in the Education Act.