MD Ophthalmology

MD Ophthalmology

3 years
Fee (Tentative)NPR 2,381,760

Entrance Exams

The MD/MS stage of training will consist of a three-year postgraduate residential degree course in different major subjects. The MD/MS stage of training of 3 years will be planned gradually in different major subjects, like General Medicine, General Surgery, Pathology, Anesthesia, Orthopedics, ENT, Radiology, Radiotherapy, General Practice, Psychiatry, Ophthalmology, Dental, Forensic Medicine, Microbiology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Public health, Nursing etc.

The different specialties of training will be included in a phase wise manner. In the first phase, the MD/MS courses, which are already being conducted in Bir Hospital and other affiliated hospitals, will be run.

The training will initially be started in Bir and other central and selected Regional and Zonal hospitals. Later on with increasing facilities and manpower, other Regional and Zonal hospitals will be included. Number of seats for training in various programs will be decided by the facilities and faculty members available and the need in the country as a whole.

Salient Features


To produce comprehensive and community oriented ophthalmologist

  1. with the ability to exercise sound clinical judgement in dealing with ophthalmic medical, surgical and optical problems laying more emphasis in ocular emergencies including trauma.
  2. with the ability and desire to continue to update his or her knowledge and further persue the fellowship training.
  3. with the ability to recognize his or her limitations.


At the end of the MD course the students should have acquired or developed knowledge and skills so that he or she should be able to

  1. Diagnose and manage common ophthalmological diseases.
  2. Diagnose the complicated ophthalmic conditions with existing facilities and if necessary refer cases to higher centers after providing primary care.
  3. Explain the pathophysiological mechanism of all ophthalmological conditions.
  4. Manage general ophthalmic emergencies and trauma
  5. Plan and implement community based eye care delivery system.
  6. Develop qualities in initiatives, creativity, sound judgement and deduction so as to provide academic leadership in eye care management.
  7. Develop skills of critical analysis of scientific literatures and recent advances in ophthalmology
  8. Develop ability and desire to continue to update his/ her knowledge and skills in ophthalmology.
  9. Prepare and present scientific papers
  10. Communicate with his/ her patients, peer, community, superiors and subordinates
  11. Develop the highest ethical standard of the profession.
  12. Impart education to postgraduates, undergraduates, nurses, ophthalmic assistants and community eye care workers.


Candidates should have MBBS or equivalent degree recognized by the Nepal Medical Council.

  1. Candidates should have minimum two years of work experience in Government, University or other similar recognized hospitals after temporary registration with Medical Council.
  2. Candidates should achieve minimum 50% marks in the written MCQ type entrance examination.
  3. For selection of the candidates, 60% of the marking would be as per the markings of the written examination, and rest 40% would be given as followings:
    1. Experience in remote areas as per the classification of Ministry (2 years X maximum number 10%): 20%
    2. PG diplomas from a recognized university in the concerned subject only (Diploma holder in one subject can not apply in other subject): 5%
    3. MBBS or equivalent (>75%: 5; >60%: 4; >50: 3): 5%
    4. I.Sc or equivalent or certificate in health sciences (>60%: 5; >45%: 4; <45: 3): 5%
    5. SLC or equivalent (>75%: 5; >60%: 4; >45: 3; <45%: 2): 5%