BSc Horticulture and Floriculture Management

BSc Horticulture and Floriculture Management

4 years

Commercial horticulture is big business in developed countries. There are garden centres in nearly every town and huge public interest in gardening, garden design and plantings. While commercial horticulture includes the production of fruit, vegetables, flowers and plants of all types, floriculture, as a specialism of commercial horticulture, concentrates on the production and management of ornamental crops. These include bulbs, cut flowers and foliage, houseplants, dried flowers and grasses.

This unique course has a strong scientific approach, with an emphasis on product development, post-harvest improvement and business management.

Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus (MRMC) Ilam, has initiated this new curriculum of Bachelor's of Science in Horticulture and Floriculture Management (B. Sc. in HFM) which is approved by the academic council Tribhuvan University.

The purpose of this program is to offer students the opportunity to prepare themselves for a wide variety of careers, entrepreneurship, exploratory enterprises or continue education in the related field by developing both their technical and interpersonal skills. This program is introduced with the conviction that it will contribute by large to the development and promotion of the economy of Nepal and the adjoining regions. In addition, this program focuses on the assess, effectiveness and efficiency of management practices in the related field. 



The major objectives of the four-year B. Sc. in Horticulture and Floriculture Management programme are:

1. to develop and promote, especially, the ‘Hill Economy’ of Nepal and the adjoining regions via Horti-Flori development

2. to address the growing agro-based needs of the people of Nepal and the adjoining regions 

3. to create opportunities for self employment in the agro-sector

4. to meet the growing worldwide trends of technical education 

5. to produce competent and skilled human resources in the field of Horticulture and Floriculture development and Management. 

Salient Features


The graduates of +2 Science from recognized boards or institutions will be eligible to apply for this course. The selected students in the entrance examination will be enrolled on the merit-basis. 

Teaching Hours:

In each course, 15 teaching hours per credit will be provided as theory and 30 teaching hours as practical except internship, report writing and seminar. 

 Instructional Techniques:

The following instructional techniques, applicable to specific unit(s) as appropriate, are recommended:  

Individual laboratory work

Group work

Lecture method

Discussion method

Demonstration method

Collaborative method

Visits, Observation and Field work

Problem Solving

Project work

Report preparation and presentation  

Group discussion



The candidates who have passed in second division I.Sc. Or 10+2 (science) and certificate level of Forestry, ie. I.Sc forestry, I.Sc agriculture from Tribhuvan University or an institute recognized by this university shall be considered eligible to apply for admission to B.Sc in Horticulture and Floriculture Management. Students are selected based on their merit in the entrance examination.

Admission Criteria


Job Prospects

Some Career Possibilities 

Floriculture graduates work in production floriculture as, e.g., ornamental technologists, in sales, in interior landscape and development and production technology, in plant breeding, in commercial nurseries, commercial crop production; postgraduate study. 

Curricular Structure

Curriculum Structure:

The curriculum is spread over duration of 4 years comprising 8 semesters, 155 credits, 50 courses  carrying a total weightage of 3100 marks. 

Evaluation System:

There will be an evaluation system comprising internal examination and the final examination in each semester. The internal examination carries 20% of the total weightage each and the final examination carries 80%.The internal examination will be held at the end of the semester and the final examination will be taken after the semester completes. In the eighth semester the students have to fully engage in Internship, report-writing and seminars.  

The individual students must fulfill the following conditions to be qualified for appearing in the final examination of each semester: 

must have appeared and passed the internal examination separately.

must have attended the minimum of 80 % classes in theory and practical classes.