Even the most routine surgeries can be risky when a patient undergoes anesthesia. In some cases, irregularities in blood pressure or heart rate during surgery can lead to grave consequences. Imagine how important it is to administer just the right dose of medication to an infant whose organs are still underdeveloped and who cannot speak to tell you that he's in pain.
It’s the job of the anesthesiologist to take these factors into consideration and to monitor a patient's pulse, temperature, and other vital signs throughout surgery.
Anesthesiologists work with other doctors to give patients medication that relieves pain during surgery. They also monitor patients' vital functions throughout an operation.
If you want to specialize in critical care or pain medicine, you'll need to take on extra training.
Self-motivated and able to work long hours under pressure. It also helps to be a strong decision maker and a good communicator. Anesthesiologists must be especially calm and cooperative since they work so closely with a team during surgery -- always a potentially tense situation.
In addition to passing the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination, you'll need to take certification exams given by the American Board of Anesthesiology.