How do you manage a ranch so that it supports the most cattle while maintaining the land so wildlife can live there? Solving this type of issue is the job of a range manager. A soil conservationist, on the other hand, might figure out how to restore farmland where the soil has been worn away. A water conservationist may look at how to assure a clean water supply for a growing town.
All of these scientists make complex decisions to come up with plans that balance economic goals with environmental impact -- and meet government regulations. They are responsible for the implementation of anti-poaching and illegal wildlife related works.
Conservation scientists manage natural resources, such as rangeland and water. They develop programs that both make resources productive and protect them.
Schools rarely offer soil conservation as a major, but you can learn the trade in such programs as agricultural science or environmental studies.
A nature lover in good physical shape who enjoys working outdoors. You need to be a problem solver who likes coming up with original solutions to issues. You should enjoy the sciences and math. You must be able to both work independently and communicate with many types of people.
Having a specialty in the field, such as watershed management or agricultural economics, may make you more marketable.