The curriculum committee sets the CBSE curriculum under the Academic, Training, Research, and Innovation Unit of the board. The unit functions according to the broader objectives set in the National Curriculum Framework-2005 and under various policies and acts passed by the Government of India from time to time. The national framework prescribes a pedagogical approach and provides the boards with a set of guiding principles.
As per the official website, the committee functions as follows:
considers the total number of compulsory and optional subjects for each of the Board’s examination;
recommends curricula for the Board’s examinations and the syllabus in each subject;
considers proposals for the introduction of new subjects and the exclusion of existing subjects;
considers questions of the formation of a group of subjects and the alteration of one group with another;
recommends prescribed text-books, when considered necessary, in conformity with the syllabus.
National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
The curriculum followed by CBSE is from NCERT books. Schools affiliated with the CBSE board follow a syllabus designed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). NCERT, established in 1961 under the Government of India, is an autonomous organization that bears the major responsibility of assisting and advising the Central and State level Governments of India. The autonomous body works on plans and policies leading to improvement in school education in the country. It also prepares and publishes educational materials, including textbooks and other supplementary materials. CBSE uses the same materials in schools under its affiliation.
The CBSE NCERT syllabus is developed to help students understand the ‘weightage allotted to each unit’, helping the students access the CBSE scoring pattern.
As per the New Education Policy of India, the students are allowed to appear for the board exams two times. The second exam is known as the ‘improvement exam.’
Major features of the CBSE curriculum
The CBSE system also authorizes special education targeted at students with learning difficulties. The students with such problems are referred to the school counselor, who then refer the students to a special education teacher if needed. The special education teacher conducts remedial classes for the students with special needs. Serious adaptations and modifications are done while setting exam papers for the students under the category.
English, Hindi/Nepali - With special emphasis on spoken language
Maths, Environmental Studies
Arts & Craft
Drawing, Painting, Craftwork
Music, Dance, Recitation, G.K., Computers, Nature Study
Physical Health Education
Calisthenics, Games, Yoga, and Karate
English (1st Language)
Hindi/Nepali (2nd Language)
Hindi/Nepali (3rd Language)
Creative Writing (Essay, Story & Poetry )
Art Education: Painting, Music & Dance
Work Experience/Computer Science
Physical Health Education
Maths, Science, Social Sciences
Subjects of Internal assessment
Art, PHE, Work Experience & Computer Science
Games, Sports & other School activities.
There are three streams i.e. Science, Commerce, and Humanities. In each stream, we offer two or three groups of which a student has to choose one. The details are given below:
Maths/ Home Sc./ Comp. Sc.
Info. Prac./ Geog./ Home Sc
Home Science/ Info. Prac.
CBSE follows a continuous assessment system throughout the year via Formative Assessment (FA) and Summative Assessment (SA). The assessment system is categorized into two semesters, each including 2 FA and 1 SA.
Total marks per semester: 50
Formative Assessment will consist of the following three activities.
Formative Assessment 1 (10 marks)
Individual Activity (Project Work, Assignment, etc.)
Group Activity (Skits, project presentations, etc.)
Pen and Paper Examinations
Formative Assessment 2 (10 marks)
Same as FA 1
Summative Assessment (30 marks)
Written Examination (90% theory, 10% practical)
Two semesters add up to a total of 100 marks for an academic year.