Postgraduate Integrated Entrance Examination


Medicine and Health Care

0 year(s)


Health Professional education was started in Nepal formerly after establishment of Institute of Medicine under Tribhuvan University in 1972 beginning with training of middle level human resources for health. Bachelor level courses in Institute of Medicine was started in 1978 and postgraduate studies since 1982. Similarly, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences was established in eastern Nepal in 1993, Manipal Academy of Health Sciences was established under Kathmandu University as a Kathmandu University affiliated private institutions in 1993. Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences as constituent campus started MBBS program in 2001. Then National Academy on Medical Sciences was established in 2002 and Patan Academy of Health Sciences in 2008.

Since late 90's, over a period of decade, numerous private medical institutions were also opened in affiliation to various universities. In one hand, the rapid development of medical institutions helped for fulfilling the gap between need of human resources for health. In the other hand, there have been issues related to quality in health professional education and also the process and costs related to the entrance examination and student enrollment. In this context, National Medical Education Act 2075 has envisioned the common entrance examination to be conducted by Medical Education Commission for enrollment of students in various programs and colleges throughout the country. As per the board meeting of Medical Education Commission held on 2076.06.01(18 September2019). Medical Education Commission bears the responsibility to conduct Postgraduate Entrance Examination in the current academic year and Bachelor level entrance exams from the subsequent year. For conducting the Postgraduate common entrance examination, the commission has felt the need to prepare a common syllabus in consultation with experts from various institutions with experience in postgraduate entrance examination.

Objectives:

  • To develop common syllabus for specific programs in PG entrance examination
  • To generate consensus and match logically between the existing PG entrance syllabus effective at various medical institutions
  • To find the scope of improvements / innovations in currently existing PG entrance examination

Process:

  • Institutions conducting postgraduate entrance examinations were officially corresponded to send the ongoing PG programs they are conducting and the syllabus for entrance examinations
  • The available syllabus for related disciplines from various institutions were compiled.
  • Team of experts in the related disciplines representing various institutions worked up for the common syllabus with the help of available compiled documents.
  • Workshop was conducted to scrutinize the contents and other aspects on entrance syllabus involving the experts who developed the syllabus and experienced experts conducting postgraduate entrance examinations in various institutions and head/chief of examination divisions in the respective institutions
  • Workshop involving all head of institutions and concerned regulatory authority was conducted to come up with the consensus.

General consensus:

A common consensus on relevant issues related to syllabus were generated with brainstorming and regular discussions as per above mentioned process involving all stakeholders related to training of postgraduate academic programs.

  • Agreed to develop the syllabus for 12 groups representing all the PG programs:
    • MD/MS, MDS, MPH/MSc Public Health, MSc Nursing/MN, MD Ayurveda, MSc Biochemistry/MSc Microbiology, MSc in Basic Medical Sciences, M Pharm, MSc MIT, M. Optometry and MPhil Clinical Psychology.
    • To make a single paper for different academic programs with same eligibility criteria e.g. MSc Nursing/MN, MPH/MSc PH, MSc Biochemistry/Microbiology, MSc Basic Medical Sciences Programs.
  • There should be professional council registration for applying to a postgraduate program except for the MPhil Clinical Psychology program where professional council registration is done only after completion of the course.
  • Consensus was generated to have entrance test paper with 200 MCQs to improve Content coverage as well as to match with the recent practice. This will also help differentiation of the candidates by minimizing the tie in the marks among the candidates.
  • Multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be of Single Best Response Type (Type A) with four options.
  • Consensus was generated to allow 3 hours with instruction to paper setter that the stem or vignette of the MCQ should not exceed 60 words.
  • Include 10 marks from the supportive professional topics including medical ethics, basic and advanced cardiac life support, communication skills, rational use of medicines, infection prevention in MDMS and MDS Program in order to address human sensitivity and professionalism.
  • Adopt Criterion Referenced Test with 50% pass mark with no negative marking.
  • Difficulty level of the items should be set from the time of item preparation as:
    • Recall: 30%
    • Understanding: 50%
    • Application and above: 20%
show more

Admission criteria

Examination Format:

a. Question type: Single best response type of multiple choice questions
b. Option: Four options (A, B, C, D)
c. Number of questions: 200
d. Full marks: 200
e. Cognitive ratio: Recall:Understanding:Application - 30:50:20
f. Duration: 3 hours 


Eligibility

1. Doctor of Medicine (MD)/Master of Surgery (MS)

a. MBBS or equivalent from institutions recognized by government of Nepal.
b. Registered in Nepal Medical Council.
c. Registered in respective medical council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. One-year experience (Not mandatory for MDGP, MD/MS in Basic Medical Sciences and Foreign candidates)
e. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

2. Masters of Dental Surgery (MDS): 

a. BDS or equivalent from institutions recognized by government of Nepal.
b. Registered in Nepal Medical Council.
c. Registered in respective medical/dental council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. One-year experience.
e. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

3. Master of Public Health (MPH)/ Master of Science in Public Health (MSc PH)/MPHN/MHPE/MPH(HPE)/MPH(PHSM):

a. MBBS, BDS, BPH, BN/BNS/BSc Nursing, BSc MLT/BMLT, BSc MIT BAMS, B.Pharmacy, B.Optometry, BASLP or equivalent from institutions recognized by government of Nepal.
b. Registered either in Nepal Medical Council, Nepal Nursing Council, Nepal Health Professional Council, Nepal Pharmacy Council, Nepal Ayurveda Council or Nepal Veterinary Council.
c. Registered in respective professional council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

4. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Ayurveda (Kayachikitsa)

a. BAMS or equivalent from institutions recognized by government of Nepal.
b. Registered in Nepal Ayurveda Council.
e. Registered in respective medical council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
f. Registered in respective professional council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
c. One-year working experience at government recognized institutions.
d. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance.
e. Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

5. Master in Nursing (MN)/Master of Science (MSc) Nursing/Midwifery:

a. BN/BNS/BSc. Nursing/B Midwifery (B.Mid is eligible only for MSc. Midwifery program).
b. Registered in Nepal Nursing Council.
c. Registered in respective professional council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. One-year experience.
e. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

6. Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm): 

a. B. Pharmacy or equivalent degree recognized by government of Nepal.
b. Registered in Nepal Pharmacy Council.
c. Registered in respective professional council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

7. Master of Science in Medical Imaging Technology (MSc. MIT):

a. BSc. MIT or equivalent degree recognized by government of Nepal.
b. Registered in Nepal Health Professional Council.
c. Registered in respective professional council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance. 

8. Master of Science (MSc) in Clinical/Medical Biochemistry & Master of Science (MSc) in Clinical/Medical Microbiology:
a. Bachelor degree in related subjects or BSc(Medical Lab technology) or BMLT or BSc (Laboratory Medicine), MBBS/BDS or its equivalent.
b. Registered in respective professional council of Nepal.
c. Registered in respective professional council of applicant’s own country for foreign candidates.
d. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance. 

9. Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Clinical Psychology:

a. MA/MSc degree in psychology with clinical or counseling psychology as special focus (papers in psychological assessment, psychopathology/ abnormal psychology, counseling/ psychotherapy) from University recognized by Government of Nepal.
b. Candidate should score minimum of 50% (pass marks) in the Entrance Examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

10. Masters of Optometry (M Optom): 

a. Bachelor of Optometry (BOptom) degree or Bachelor of Optometry and Vision Science (BOptom) or Doctor of Optometry (OD) or BSc in Optometry (BSc Optom) or equivalent degree from a recognized university/institution.
b. Registered as an optometrist in Nepal Health Professional Council (NHPC).
c. Candidates should score a minimum 50% marks to pass entrance examinations conducted by Medical Education Commission for being eligible to be in the merit list.

show more

Curricular structure

1. Doctor of Medicine (MD)/Master of Surgery (MS)

Subjects/ Marks

Clinical
1. Medicine 18
2. Surgery 18
3. Obstetrics and Gynaecology 12
4. Paediatrics 12
5. Orthopaedics 10
6. Otorhinolaryngology 10
7. Ophthalmology 7
8. Anaesthesiology 7
9. Psychiatry 7
10. Radiology 7
11. Dermatology 7
Basic Medical Science
12. Anatomy 12
13. Physiology 12
14. Pathology 10
15. Pharmacology 10
16. Biochemistry 8
17. Microbiology 8
18. Community medicine and research methodology
a. Community medicine 6
b. Research methodology 4
19. Forensic Medicine 5
20. Questions related to Medical ethics, rational use of drugs, infection prevention, BLS/ACLS communication skills 10
Total 200

2. Masters of Dental Surgery (MDS): 

Subjects/ Marks

Clinical Dental Sciences Subjects
1. Oral Medicine and Radiology
a. Oral Medicine 10
b. Radiology 5
2. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 15
3. Periodontics 15
4. Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
a. Conservative Dentistry 7
b. Endodontics 8
5. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 15
6. Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 15
7. Prosthodontics and Maxillofacial Prosthetics
a. Removable Prosthodontics 8
b. Fixed Prosthodontics 6
c. Maxillofacial Prosthetics 1
8. Public Health Dentistry and Community Medicine & Biostatistics
a. Public Health Dentistry 5
b. Community Medicine & Biostatistics 5
9. Oral Pathology and Microbiology 10
10. Dental Implantology 5
Basic Medical Science
11. Anatomy 5
12. Physiology 5
13. Pathology 5
14. Pharmacology 5
15. Biochemistry 5
16. Microbiology 5
17. Oral Biology 5
18. Dental Materials 5
19. Forensic Odontology 5
20. General Medicine 5
21. General Surgery 5
22. Anesthesia 5
23. Questions related to Medical ethics, rational use of drugs, infection prevention, BLS/ACLS, communication skills and
practice management in dentistry 10
Total 200

3. Master of Public Health (MPH)/MSc PH/MPHN/MHPE/MPH(HPE)/MPH(PHSM):

Subjects/ Marks
1. Biostatistics 30
2. Epidemiology 30
3. Health promotion and Education 20
4. Food and nutrition 20
5. Research methodology 12
6. Basic medical science 8
7. Demography and health informatics 8
8. Public health and primary health 8
9. Environmental health and occupational health 8
10. Family health and reproductive health 8
11. Global health and international health 8
12. Sociology and anthropology 8
13. Public health administration and management 8
14. Health system management 8
15. Project planning, development, implementation and evaluation 8
16. Health economics and health financing 8
Total 200

4. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Ayurveda (Kayachikitsa)

Subjects/ Marks

Basic Ayurveda medical sciences
1. Maulika Sidhanta (Basic Principle of Ayurveda) 10
2. Sharer Rachna (Anatomy) 8
3. Sharer Kriya (Physiology) 8
4. DravyagunaVigyana (Pharmacology) 10
5. Rasa Shastra evam Bhaishjaya Kalpana (Pharmacy & Pharmaceutics) 10
6. Roga Vigyanaavam Vikriti Vigyana 8
7. Swasthavritta (Public Medicine) 6
8. Agadhatantra evam Vyavahara Ayurveda (Forensic & Jurisprudence) 6
Clinical subjects
9. Kaya chikitsa (General medicine) 28
10. Shalyatantra (General surgery) 28
11. Shalakyatantra (Eye, ENT) 26
12. Kaumarbhritya (Padiatrics) 26
13. Prasutitantra evam Striroga (Obstetrics and Gynaecology) 26
Total 200

5. Master in Nursing (MN)/Master of Science (MSc) Nursing/Midwifery:

1. Adult nursing (Medical surgical nursing) 20
2. Midwifery 20
3. Pediatric nursing (Child health nursing) 20
4. Community health nursing 20
5. Psychiatric nursing (Mental health nursing) 20
6. Nursing research & biostatistics 20
7. Integrated health science
a. Anatomy 6
b. Physiology 4
c. Pharmacology 4
d. Biochemistry 2
e. Microbiology 2
f. Pathology 2
8. Educational science 16
9. Nursing concepts & ethical aspects in nursing 16
10. Nursing leadership & management 16
11. Social and behavioral science 6
12. Geriatric nursing 6
Total 200

6. Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm):

1. Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics 20
2. Industrial pharmacy 18
3. Physical pharmacy 18
4. Instrumental analysis 18
5. Quality assurance 18
6. Pharmacology and toxicology 18
7. Pharmaceutical jurisprudence 18
8. Pharmacotherapeutic 18
9. Clinical pharmacy 18
10. Hospital pharmacy 18
11. Pharmacy practice 18

Total 200

7. Master of Science in Medical Imaging Technology (MSc. MIT):

1. Basic health science (Anatomy & Physiology) 30
2. Basic Health Sciences (Microbiology/Biochemistry/Pathology/Pharmacology) 20
3. Biostatistics & research methodology 20
Core subject: (65) 
4. Radiographic technique 20
5. Fluoroscopic procedures 20
6. CT procedures 20
7. MRI procedures 20

Radiological & Imaging Physics:
8. General radiography 10
9. Fluoroscopy 8
10. CT 8
11. MRI 8
12. Ultrasonography 8
13. Radiation Protection 8
Total 200

8. Master of Science (MSc) in Clinical/Medical Biochemistry & Master of Science (MSc) in Clinical/Medical Microbiology

Subjects/ Marks

1. Biochemistry 50
2. Microbiology 50
3. Hematology 20
4. Histopathology 12
5. Cytopathology 8
6. General pathology 10
7. Anatomy 14
8. Physiology 16
9. Basic pharmacology 8
10. Biostatistics & research methodology 12
Total 200

9. Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Clinical Psychology:

Subjects/Marks

General Psychology
1. Emotion, motivation, learning 16
2. Cognitive (sensation, perception, attention, thinking, memory, states of consciousness, thinking, intelligence, language) 16
3. Developmental psychology (physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development across lifespan: child, adolescence,
adulthood and late adulthood) 16
4. Social/ cross cultural psychology 16
5. Personality and major psychological theories (psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic/existential, cognitive etc.) 16
Research methods in psychology and mental health
6. Qualitative (literature, sampling, design/method, analysis), article publishing, research ethics 20
7. Quantitative (literature, sampling, design/method, analysis), statistics 20
Clinical
8. Biological/physiological psychology 20
9. Psychological testing/assessment 20
10. Psychopathology/abnormal psychology 20
11. Counseling & psychotherapy 20
Total 200

10. Masters of Optometry (M Optom):

Subjects/ Marks
1. Basic science and organ systems 8
2. Ocular anatomy and physiology 16
3. Physical and geometrical optics 10
4. Visual science 16
5. Ocular diseases 16
6. Diagnostic and investigative optometry 20
7. Ophthalmic and dispensing optics 20
8. Paediatric optometry and binocular vision 20
9. Contact lens and ocular prosthesis 20
10. Low vision and visual rehabilitation 20
11. Community optometry 10
12. Geriatric optometry and vision care 10
13. Research methodology and biostatistics 8
14. Ethics & practice management in optometry 6
Total 200