There is a problem of students being absent without the permission of schools all around the world. The worldwide survey conducted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in school level showed that in a normal 30 days school, out of three students one student is absent without the permission of the school. In the survey conducted in 33 countries, the situation is observed more in Bahamas, Uruguay, Oman and Tokelau.
A worldwide academic monitoring report entitled ‘Responsibility in Education’ that has been publicized in the capital states that "students when absent in schools without permission, have immediate as well as long-term negative impact. It has a direct link to the problem of students leaving the school in the middle."
According to UNESCO, students who are restricted from facilities are more likely to be absent without permission. "The role of a guardian is important for its reduction," said Balram Timsina, an academician of UNESCO Kathmandu. To make the parents responsive towards the regular attendance of the students, laws regarding being absent without permission has been formulated in many countries around the world.
In Nepal, such law has not yet been made and even in the existing laws related to education, there is no mention of this issue. However, the provision of payment of a penalty in private school is very prevalent. But, some countries have taken the provision of paying a penalty as a crime.
The UNESCO's worldwide report describes that personal tuition is also being affected and has defined it as a tradition. In a survey conducted in countries like Azerbaijan, China, Spain, at least half of the students who took part in the survey have been found taking tuition. The report claims, "By 2022 for tuition, the world will be estimated to spend more than US $227 billion. Private tuition stresses the students and family also suffers a financial burden. "
In Nepal, private tuitions require permission to operate, but most of tuition centers have been operating without permission. Giving teachers the permission to teach in a private tuition is also considered to be selfish. Timsina, an academician of UNESCO Kathmandu, said that most teachers have been teaching private tuition due to insufficient salaries and also because they are recruited for short periods in the school. In Georgia, the professional ethics of the teacher prevented the teachers to teach private tuitions, and Japan has banned teachers to teach private issue.
The report publicized on Monday showed that total expenditure of educational cost bore by the household member is 15 percent in high-income countries, 25 percent in middle-income countries and 32 percent in low-income countries. UNESCO has said that at least one-third of the total expenditure of education is bore by at least one-third of families.
Through the report, the UNESCO has suggested that the government should build collaborative and constructive accountability mechanisms for the school and teachers. Speaking publicly, Education Minister Gopalman Shrestha said that Nepal will be committed to implement the issues and suggestion given by the report. Bishnu Bahadur Dware, assistant general secretary of Nepal National Commision for UNESCO, said that it is necessary for us to be more responsible in education.